Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
TTI-622 and TTI-621 in Combination With Pembrolizumab for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
This phase II trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of TTI-621 or TTI-622 in combination with pembrolizumab in treating patients with diffuse large B-Cell lymphoma that has come back (relapsed). TTI-621 and TTI-622 are called fusion proteins. A fusion protein includes two specialized proteins that are joined together. In TTI-621 and TTI-622, one of the proteins binds with other proteins found on the surface of certain cells that are part of the immune system. The other protein targets and blocks a protein called CD47. CD47 is present on cancer cells and is used by those cells to hide from the body's immune system. By blocking CD47, TTI-621 and TTI-622 may help the immune system find and destroy cancer cells. Pembrolizumab is a monoclonal antibody directed against human cell surface receptor PD-1 (programmed death-1 or programmed cell death-1) that works by helping the body's immune system attack the cancer and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Giving TTI-621 or TTI-622 in combination with pembrolizumab may kill more cancer cells in patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
I. To determine the toxicities of ontorpacept (TTI-621) or SIRPa-IgG4-Fc Fusion Protein TTI-622 (TTI-622) combined with pembrolizumab and to identify the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of TTI-621 and TTI-622, each combined with pembrolizumab. (Safety run in) II. To estimate preliminary efficacy of pembrolizumab in combination with TTI-621 (Arm A) or TTI-622 (Arm B) as measured by overall response rate (ORR). (Phase II).
I. To estimate efficacy of pembrolizumab in combination with TTI-621 or TTI-622 as measured by duration of response (DOR), progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).
I. Correlation of biomarkers measured in serial peripheral blood samples and tumor tissues with clinical responses, which may include but are not limited to: SIRPalpha expression, monocyte/macrophage markers in tumor micro-environment, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), PD-1/PDL-1 expression.
OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM A: Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 of each cycle and TTI-621 IV over 60-120 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scans or CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis prior to cycle 3 and every 4 cycles thereafter. If no disease progression after cycle 12, patients then receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1 of each cycle and TTI-621 IV over 60-120 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 23 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM B: Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of each cycle and TTI-622 IV over 60-90 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo PET/CT scans or CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis prior to cycle 3 and every 4 cycles thereafter. If no disease progression after cycle 12, patients then receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1 of each cycle and TTI-622 IV over 60-90 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 23 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of the study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for up to 2 years from registration.
Age >= 18 years
Documented CD20+ mature B-cell neoplasm according to World Health Organization (WHO) classification (Swerdlow et al., 2016) as one of the following:
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (NOS) including
Germinal center B-cell type
Activated B-cell type
High-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL), NOS
Primary mediastinal (thymic) large B-cell lymphoma
Patients with "double-hit" or "triple-hit" diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (technically as HGBCL, with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements)
Follicular lymphoma 3B
T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B cell lymphoma
Large B-cell lymphoma with IRF4 rearrangement
Primary cutaneous DLBCL, leg type
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive DLBCL, NOS
DLBCL associated with chronic inflammation
Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma
ALK positive large B-cell lymphoma
Relapsed, progressive and/or refractory disease (Cheson et al., 2007) following treatment with an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (e.g., rituximab) in combination with chemotherapy
Measurable disease as defined below:
Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid lymphomas: Measurable disease with computerized tomography (CT) (or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) scan with involvement of 2 or more clearly demarcated lesions/nodes with a long axis > 1.5 cm and short axis > 1.0 cm (or 1 clearly demarcated lesion/node with a long axis > 2.0 cm and short axis >= 1.0 cm) AND FDG positron emission tomography (PET) scan that demonstrates positive lesion(s) compatible with CT (or MRI) defined anatomical tumor sites
FDG-nonavid lymphomas: Measurable disease with CT (or MRI) scan with involvement of 2 or more clearly demarcated lesions/nodes with a long axis > 1.5 cm and short axis > 1.0 cm or 1 clearly demarcated lesion/node with a long axis > 2.0 cm and short axis >= 1.0 cm.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) 0 or 1
>= 4 weeks from last dose of anti-CD20 targeting therapy
>= 12 weeks post chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy
Resolution of all adverse events due to prior therapy to =< Grade 1 or baseline NOTE: Patients with =< Grade 2 neuropathy may be eligible. Patients with endocrine-related adverse events (AEs) Grade =< 2 requiring treatment or hormone replacement may be eligible
If receiving glucocorticoid treatment at screening, treatment must be tapered down and administered with a maximum of 10 mg daily in the last 14 days prior to registration
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 500/mm^3; growth factor support allowed in case of bone marrow involvement (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
Absolute lymphocyte count >= 200/mm^3 (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
International normalized ratio (INR) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as prothrombin time (PT) or aPTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless due to Gilbert's disease (direct bilirubin [bili] =< ULN) (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
Aspartate transaminase (AST/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine transaminase (ALT/serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
Calculated creatinine clearance >=30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 7 days prior to registration)
Provide informed written consent
Negative pregnancy test done =< 3 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only
Female of childbearing must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception during the treatment and for 120 days after the last dose of study treatment
Male participants with female partners of childbearing potential must agree to refrain from donating sperm and one of the conception methods during the treatment and for 120 days after last dose study treatment
Willing to return to the enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
Willing to provide mandatory tissue and blood samples for correlative research purposes
Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma or known CNS involvement by lymphoma at screening as confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/computed tomography (CT) scan (brain) and, if clinically indicated, by lumbar puncture
Known past or current malignancy other than inclusion diagnosis, except for:
Cervical carcinoma of Stage 1B or less
Non-invasive basal cell or squamous cell skin carcinoma
Non-invasive, superficial bladder cancer
Prostate cancer with a current prostate specific antigen (PSA) level < 0.1 ng/mL
Any curable cancer with a complete response (CR) of > 2 years duration
Received < 2 prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents =< 4 weeks or =< 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior to registration
Received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., CTLA-4, OX-40, CD137) =< 4 weeks prior to registration
Known clinically significant cardiac disease, including:
Onset of unstable angina pectoris within 6 months of signing informed consent form (ICF)
Acute myocardial infarction within 6 months of signing ICF
Congestive heart failure (grade III or IV as classified by the New York Heart Association and/or known decrease ejection fraction of < 45%)
Chronic ongoing infectious diseases (except hepatitis B or hepatitis C) requiring treatment (excluding prophylactic treatment) at the time of enrollment or =< the previous 2 weeks
Confirmed history or current autoimmune disease or other diseases resulting in permanent immunosuppression or requiring permanent immunosuppressive therapy or primary immunodeficiency disorder. Low-dose steroids (=< 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) is allowed
Seizure disorder requiring therapy (such as steroids or anti-epileptics)
Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) =< 100 days prior or any prior allogeneic HSCT or solid organ transplantation
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Exposed to live or live attenuated vaccine =< 4 weeks prior to registration
Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:
Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
Patient has any condition for which, in the opinion of the investigator, participation would not be in the best interest of the patient (e.g., compromise the well-being) or that could prevent, limit, or confound the protocol-specified assessments
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
ongoing or active infection
uncontrolled infection requiring ongoing antibiotics
symptomatic congestive heart failure
unstable angina pectoris
or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
known substance abuse disorder
Known hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab
Major surgery other than diagnostic surgery =< 4 weeks prior to registration
Prior radiation therapy =< 2 weeks prior to registration or who has not recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. Note: A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (=< 2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease
Active autoimmune disease such as Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, or similar conditions requiring systemic treatment =< the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease/syndrome difficult to control in the past.
Vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy
Intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections
Hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement,
Diabetes stable with current management
History of positive Coombs test but no evidence of hemolysis
Psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment
Conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
Has a known history of hepatitis B (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active hepatitis C virus (HCV) (defined as HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA] is detected) infection
Prior anti CD47 therapy
Active use of anticoagulant like warfarin. Use of low molecular weight heparin and factor Xa inhibitors will be permitted on case by case basis. There will be no restriction for daily aspirin < 81mg daily
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