Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Use of T-allo10 in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) for Blood Disorders
A significant number of patients with hematologic malignancies need a hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) to be cured. Only about 50% of these patients have a fully matched donor, the remaining patients will require an HSCT from a mismatched related or unrelated donor. Almost 60% of these mismatched donor HSCTs will result in graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), which can cause significant morbidity and increased non-relapse mortality. GvHD is caused by the donor effector T cells present in the HSC graft that recognize and react against the mismatched patient's tissues.
Researchers and physicians at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford are working to prevent GvHD after HSCT with a new clinical trial. The objective of this clinical program is to develop a cell therapy to prevent GvHD and induce graft tolerance in patients receiving mismatched unmanipulated donor HSCT. The cell therapy consists of a cell preparation from the same donor of the HSCT (T-allo10) containing T regulatory type 1 (Tr1) cells able to suppress allogenic (host-specific) responses, thus decreasing the incidence of GvHD.
This is the first trial of its kind in pediatric patients and is only available at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford.
The purpose of this phase 1 study is to determine the safety and tolerability of a cell therapy, T-allo10, to prevent GvHD in patients receiving mismatched related or mismatched unrelated unmanipulated donor HSCT for hematologic malignancies.
Patients ages 3-30 years, with hematologic malignancies undergoing mismatched related or unrelated donor transplant will receive conditioning chemotherapy with Total body radiation and cyclophosphamide, according to the standard procedure.
The investigators plan to infuse the donor T-allo10 product one day before HSCT so that the Tr1 cells contained within the T-allo10 product will be able to prevent anti-host alloreactivity of the T cells present within the unmanipulated HSC graft. Indeed, Tr1 cells best exert their suppressive activity at the time of effector T cell activation, occurring when the T cells present in the HSC graft will be transferred to the patient ; therefore, the investigators expect that the early infusion of T-allo10 cells will optimally modulate anti-host alloreactivity of the donor T cells and prevent GvHD.
Immunosuppression will also be administered at the time of HSCT.
Up to 27 eligible patients will be given the T-allo10 product sequentially in 3 escalating dose cohorts to determine the maximum tolerated dose (or the highest dose tested if no maximum tolerated dose is reached). Each cohort will begin by evaluating 3 patients. The patients in each cohort will be staggered by 28 days and each succeeding patient will be enrolled no sooner than the 29 day after the preceding patient's infusion of T-allo10.
If no patient in a cohort develops a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) following infusion of the investigational cellular product, the investigators will start enrolling patients at the next higher cell dose after completing the 28-day safety evaluation of the 3rd patient in the dose cohort.
If one out of 3 patients in a cohort has a DLT, 3 additional patients will be evaluated at the same dose level.
If one out of 6 patients experiences a DLT, dose escalation will occur.
If 2 out of ≤ 6 patients experience a DLT, dose escalation will cease and that dose will be designated the maximally administered dose.
Up to three (3) additional patients will be entered at the next lowest dose level if only 3 patients were treated previously at that dose
Eligible diseases include:
A. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B- or T-ALL)
Complete Response (CR)1-ultra high risk features
Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) positive after consolidation
Any of the high risk features listed in CR1
B-ALL: any relapse considered eligible for transplant
B. Acute Myeloid Leukemia
MRD >5% at day 22 induction 1
MRD >0.1% after induction 2
FLT/ITD with allelic ratio > 0.4 and MRD >0.1% at day 22 or 29 induction 1
Translocation (6:9), (8:6), (16:21), monosomy 7, monosomy 5, 5q
M7 with KMT2A rearrangements, inv(16)(p13.3q24.3) [CBFA2T3-GLIS2] or t(11;12)(p15;p13) [NUP98-KDM5A]
AML in 2nd or subsequent CR
Therapy related or Secondary AML
Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB)2
C. Myelodysplastic syndrome D. Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia MRD>1% after consolidation E. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) or Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) beyond first remission
Age ≥3 to ≤45 years old. Subjects 1 and 2 (in Cohort 1) will be ≥ 12 years old
Available mismatched related donor (mMRD) or mismatched unrelated donor (mMUD), Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched 8/10 or 9/10
Lansky (age <16) or Karnofsky (age ≥16) performance status ≥80%
Able and willing to provide written, signed informed consent (assent as appropriate)
Have adequate organ function defined as the following:
Serum Creatinine <1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) or 24-hour creatinine clearance >50 ml/min
Serum bilirubin ≤ 2 x ULN
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
≤10 x ULN
Diffusion Capacity of the Lungs (DLCO) >60% predicted (in children, O2 saturation >92% on room air)
Left ventricular ejection fraction >45% (in children, shortening fraction >26%)
Male and female subjects of child bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of birth control to avoid pregnancy throughout the transplant procedure, while on immunosuppression, and if the subject experiences any chronic GvHD.
Prior bone marrow or peripheral blood HSCT within the last 6 (six) months
HLA-matched related or unrelated donor available
Any active, uncontrolled infection at the time of enrollment
Pregnant or lactating females
Any severe concurrent disease which, in the judgement of the investigator, would place the patient at increased risk during participation in the study
Any subject with a history of significant renal, hepatic, pulmonary, or cardiac dysfunction or on treatment to support cardiac dysfunction
Non-cooperative behavior or non-compliance of the patient and/or of his/her family
Received another investigational agent within 30 days of enrollment
Patients with Down's syndrome
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There is 1 Location for this study
Palo Alto California, 94304, United States More Info
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