Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trial

Gemcitabine Hydrochloride With or Without WEE1 Inhibitor MK-1775 in Treating Patients With Recurrent Ovarian, Primary Peritoneal, or Fallopian Tube Cancer

Summary

This randomized phase II clinical trial studies how well gemcitabine hydrochloride and WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 work compared to gemcitabine hydrochloride alone in treating patients with ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer that has come back after a period of time. Gemcitabine hydrochloride may prevent tumor cells from multiplying by damaging their deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA, molecules that contain instructions for the proper development and functioning of cells), which in turn stops the tumor from growing. The protein WEE1 may help to repair the damaged tumor cells, so the tumor continues to grow. WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 may block the WEE1 protein activity and may increase the effectiveness of gemcitabine hydrochloride by preventing the WEE1 protein from repairing damaged tumor cells without causing harm to normal cells. It is not yet known whether gemcitabine hydrochloride with or without WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 may be an effective treatment for recurrent ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the progression free survival (PFS) of subjects with recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer receiving gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride) in combination with AZD 1775 (MK-1775 [WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775]) compared to subjects receiving gemcitabine in combination with placebo.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the objective response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 of patients receiving gemcitabine combined with AZD 1775 (MK-1775) compared to patients receiving gemcitabine in combination with placebo.

II. To evaluate the Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup (GCIG) cancer antigen (CA)125 response rate of patients receiving gemcitabine combined with AZD 1775 (MK-1775) compared to patients receiving gemcitabine in combination with placebo.

III. To evaluate the overall survival of patients (max 1-year [yr] follow-up) receiving gemcitabine combined with AZD 1775 (MK-1775) compared to patients receiving gemcitabine in combination with placebo.

IV. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the combination of gemcitabine combined with AZD 1775 (MK-1775) in patients with recurrent, platinum-resistant ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer.

V. To evaluate tumor protein p53 (TP53) mutations (presence of mutation and type of mutation) as potential predictive factors of benefit (defined as response or progression-free survival [PFS] prolongation) to AZD 1775 (MK-1775) and gemcitabine treatment.

VI. To evaluate p53 protein expression by immunohistochemistry as potential predictive factors of benefit (defined as response or PFS prolongation) to AZD 1775 (MK-1775) and gemcitabine treatment.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate patient reported outcomes using Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO)-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).

II. To evaluate the concordance of TP53 mutations in the tumor specimen and TP53 mutations determined by tagged-amplicon deep sequencing (Tam-Seq) in circulating tumor DNA.

III. To correlate the levels circulating DNA TP53 mutations by Tam-Seq with response.

IV. Validation of phosphorylated-cyclin-dependent cycle 2 (pCDC2) and gamma-H2A histone family, member X (H2AX) in skin and tumor tissue as a pharmacodynamic marker of therapy.

V. To correlate changes in pCDC2 and gamma-H2AX with survival outcomes and response rate.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 orally (PO) on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16 and gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive placebo PO on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16 and gemcitabine hydrochloride as patients in Arm I. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6-8 weeks (after the 30-37 day safety visit) for up to 1 year.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal and fallopian tube carcinoma; all histologic subtypes of epithelial ovarian cancer are eligible, but only patients with high grade serous ovarian cancer will be considered for the statistical analysis; non-high grade serous cancers will be allowed in an exploratory cohort
Patients must be platinum-resistant (platinum-free interval < 6 months) or have platinum-refractory disease as per Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup Committee (GCIC) criteria; disease progression has to be radiologic or clinical; biomarker progression with CA125 after a platinum based regimen would not be sufficient evidence of disease progression; the patients must have had radiological progression to that regimen
Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as > 10 mm with computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
There is no limitation in the number of prior lines of therapy
Patients must have completed any prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy or major surgery at least 4 weeks before receiving study treatment; ongoing toxicities related to treatment must be =< grade 1 and patients with grade 2 alopecia or peripheral neuropathy can also be included; palliative radiation to < 10% of bone marrow is permissible if completed within one week of commencing study treatment as long as the toxicities secondary to palliative radiotherapy are limited to grade 1; the lesions that have received radiation treatment immediately before will be excluded as target lesions; previously irradiated lesions can be considered as targeted lesions, as long as there is prove of radiological progression
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL

Hemoglobin >= 90 g/L

Blood transfusions are allowed at any time during the screening, treatment or follow-up period, according to the center recommendations
Prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT) and international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5 upper limit of normal (ULN)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal; unless due to Gilbert's syndrome
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x institutional upper limit of normal (5 x if liver metastases)
Creatinine =< 1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above 1.5 x institutional limit of normal

Patients must be able to tolerate oral medication and not have evidence of active bowel obstruction

Note: patients can have a history of prior bowel obstruction, provided the patient is not having symptoms of bowel obstruction at the time of enrolment and the bowel obstruction is not anticipated to recur during the participation in the study
Patients must have disease amenable to biopsy and must be willing to undergo a paired biopsy for correlative analyses (the first biopsy within 28 days prior to start of treatment and the second biopsy while on treatment)

Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

Women of childbearing potential include women who have experienced menarche and who have not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or are not postmenopausal; postmenopause is defined as amenorrhea >= 12 consecutive months; Note: women who have been amenorrheic for 12 or more months are still considered to be of childbearing potential if the amenorrhea is possibly due to prior chemotherapy, anti-estrogens, ovarian suppression or any other reversible reason
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who previously received gemcitabine for the treatment of recurrent disease
Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents

Patients with clinically or radiologically unstable brain metastases are excluded from this clinical trial

Note: patients with stable brain metastases after treatment, for at least 3 months prior to enrolling on this trial, could participate in the study; patients should be off, or on a stable dose of steroids
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to AZD 1775 (MK-1775) or gemcitabine
Patients taking the following prescription or non-prescription drugs or other products (i.e. grapefruit juice) are ineligible: sensitive cytochrome P450 family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) substrates, CYP3A4 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index, moderate to potent inhibitors/inducers of CYP3A4; patients would be eligible if the medications can be discontinued two weeks prior to day 1 of dosing and withheld throughout the study until 2 weeks after the last dose of study medication
Pregnant and breastfeeding women are excluded from this study
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, myocardial infarction within 6 months, congestive heart failure, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, active cardiomyopathy, unstable ventricular arrhythmia, uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled psychotic disorders, serious infections, active peptic ulcer disease, active liver disease or cerebrovascular disease with previous stroke, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

Study is for people with:

Ovarian Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

124

Study ID:

NCT02101775

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

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There are 15 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte California, 91010, United States
City of Hope South Pasadena
South Pasadena California, 91030, United States
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chicago Illinois, 60637, United States
Decatur Memorial Hospital
Decatur Illinois, 62526, United States
Indiana University/Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis Indiana, 46202, United States
Mayo Clinic in Rochester
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States
Fox Chase Cancer Center
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19111, United States
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI)
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, 15232, United States
BCCA-Cancer Centre for the Southern Interior
Kelowna British Columbia, V1Y 5, Canada
BCCA-Vancouver Cancer Centre
Vancouver British Columbia, V5Z 4, Canada
London Regional Cancer Program
London Ontario, N6A 4, Canada
Ottawa Hospital and Cancer Center-General Campus
Ottawa Ontario, K1H 8, Canada
University Health Network Princess Margaret Cancer Center P2C
Toronto Ontario, M5G 2, Canada
University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
Toronto Ontario, M5G 2, Canada
CHUM - Hopital Notre-Dame
Montreal Quebec, H2L 4, Canada
National University Hospital Singapore
Singapore , 11907, Singapore

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Ovarian Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

124

Study ID:

NCT02101775

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:


National Cancer Institute (NCI)

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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