Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
3-Tesla MRI in Finding Tumors in Patients With Known or Suspected Prostate Cancer
In standard clinical care, the prostate is imaged by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which is a procedure to take pictures of body structures by using a strong magnetic field and radio waves. The strength of the magnet used is expressed in the unit Tesla (T); a higher Tesla number means the magnet has stronger pull. Standard magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate uses a magnet 1.5 Tesla strong as well as a specialized endorectal coil (antenna) inserted into the body due to the limitations using an external body coil at this magnet strength. MRI using a 3 Tesla magnet has a theoretical advantage over imaging at 1.5 Tesla of creating a signal twice as strong that can be received by the antennas, resulting in better pictures. The goal of this study is to make the MRI procedure more comfortable for patients by using an external coil instead of an endorectal coil. With this study, researchers also want to help patients' health care teams, the surgeons in particular. Researchers will assess the impact of prostate MRI, without an endorectal coil, done at 3 Tesla and with an external body coil on helping doctors decide which approaches to disease therapy might be best for patients as well as correlate patients' study images with all other clinical imaging
I. To assess the impact of prostate MRI, without an endorectal coil, done at 3-Tesla on surgical management. This would be performed by examining the agreement of lesion location based on the MRI compared to the lesion location based on pathology and/or surgery and local extent of the disease, i.e. involvement of contiguous organs and local lymph nodes, based on the MRI compared to the local extent based on pathology and/or surgery.
II. To test the reproducibility of functional MRI (dynamic-contrast enhanced [DCE_MRI] MRI, magnetic resonance [MR] spectroscopy and diffusion-weighted MRI).
I. To assess the usefulness of MRI data in treatment planning for radiation therapy, and to test the feasibility of amide-proton-transfer MRI in prostate cancer detection.
II. To evaluate MRI changes in prostate and tumor morphology between endorectal coil versus no endorectal coil.
III. To assess the usefulness of ex-vivo prostate specimen MRI for accurate co-registration between in-vivo MRI of the prostate and pathology slides.
Patients undergo 3-tesla (3T) MRI, including DCE-MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI, amide-proton-transfer MRI, and MR spectroscopy scans. Patients may undergo an additional 3T MRI scan at least 24 hours after the initial scan.
Patients with known or suspected prostate disease based on clinical data will be included in the study; patients with intermediate to high grade prostate cancer (Gleason's score >= 7 and prostate-specific antigen [PSA] of > 10ng/dl) will be referred from the outpatient clinics after evaluation by the treating physicians
Written informed consent will be signed by the patients before the MRI based on the guidelines approved by the Ohio State University Institutional Review board
Patients must have an estimated glomerular filtration rate of >= 30 mL/min/1.73m^2 within six weeks of the MRI to be included in the study
Patients with any type of bioimplant activated by mechanical, electronic, or magnetic means (e.g., cochlear implants, pacemakers, neurostimulators, biostimulators, electronic infusion pumps, etc.)
Patients with any type of ferromagnetic bioimplant that could potentially be displaced or damaged
Patients that have vascular or aneurysm clips, or metallic staples from a surgical procedure
Patients with permanent tattoo eye liner (may contain metallic coloring)
Patients that may have shrapnel imbedded in their bodies, such as from war wounds, metal workers and machinists (metallic fragments in or near eyes), severe auto accident victims
Patients that exhibit noticeable anxiety and/or claustrophobia
Patients who cannot adhere to the experimental protocols for any reason, or have an inability to communicate with the researcher
Patients who have cardiac or known circulatory impairment, and/or the inability to perspire (poor thermoregulatory function)
Patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of < 30 mL/min/1.73m^2 within six weeks of the MRI
Acute or chronic severe renal insufficiency (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73m^2)
Acute renal dysfunction due to the hepato-renal syndrome or in the perioperative liver transplantation period
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There is 1 Location for this study
Columbus Ohio, 43210, United States
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