Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
Effect of Dutasteride on Androgen-Response Gene Expression in Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer
The purpose of this study is to determine if the drug dutasteride increases expression of genes that slow the growth of prostate cancer during treatment with intermittent androgen ablation therapy (hormone therapy).
We have shown in a murine model of treatment with intermittent androgen ablation therapy of prostate cancer that when dutasteride is given during the regrowth phase (off-phase) of intermittent therapy, that tumor growth is inhibited and that survival is improved. We have also shown that testosterone is a more potent inducer of certain tumor suppressor androgen response genes than dihydrotestosterone. In this murine model, we showed that use of a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor (dutasteride) resulted in significant hyperinduction of the U19 tumor suppressor androgen response gene during the regrowth phase of treatment. In the current clinical trial, we will determine if use of dutasteride in men with advanced prostate cancer during the off-phase of intermittent androgen ablation therapy will also result in hyperinduction of these tumor suppressor androgen response genes. Gene expression will be measured in tumor tissue obtained by prostate biopsies during the off-phase when the testosterone level has normalized. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels will also be measured to determine the PSA doubling time during the off-phase to determine the effect of dutasteride on PSA kinetics.
Histologically proven prostate cancer
Patients are hormone-naive
Patients either to begin androgen ablation therapy with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist or already receiving therapy with LHRH agonist
Advanced prostate cancer with either positive pelvic nodes or bone/visceral metastasis
Must have an intact prostate (no previous surgery or XRT)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
Recovery from any major infection or surgical procedure
Signed informed consent
Known intolerance or allergy to dutasteride
Concomitant chemotherapy, biologic therapy, or XRT to prostate
Prior malignancy within 5 years of registration
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There are 3 Locations for this study
Chicago Illinois, 60611, United States
Chicago Illinois, 60637, United States
Evanston Illinois, 60201, United States
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