Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
Finite Androgen Ablation With or Without Abiraterone Acetate and Prednisone in Treating Patients With Recurrent Prostate Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well finite androgen ablation with or without abiraterone acetate and prednisone work in treating patients with prostate cancer that has come back. Androgen can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Hormone therapy, such as finite androgen ablation, using leuprolide acetate, goserelin acetate, degarelix, bicalutamide, flutamide, and nilutamide may fight prostate cancer by lowering the amount of androgen the body makes. Abiraterone acetate may help to decrease the production of testosterone, and prednisone may help lower or prevent some side effects. It is not yet known whether giving acetate, goserelin acetate, degarelix, bicalutamide, flutamide, and nilutamide with or without abiraterone acetate and prednisone may work better in treating patients with prostate cancer.
I. To evaluate whether finite maximal androgen ablation (8 month), as compared to luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) alone, will improve one-year post-treatment prostate specific antigen (PSA)-free survival by 20%.
I. To determine testosterone recovery difference between the two groups. II. Calculate the PSA-free survival following testosterone recovery. III. To determine in the steroid biosynthesis metabolome, in the blood and bone marrow of patients at baseline, maximum response (eight months therapy) and upon PSA progression, evidence of minimal residual cancer (MD Anderson Cancer Center [MDACC] main campus patients only).
IV. To apply technologies in development able to detect presence of cancer cells ("minimal residual disease") at a clinical study milestone (baseline, completion of therapy and upon PSA progression).
I. To explore in archival tissue samples for a candidate predictive signature of outcome applying technologies for interrogation of protein deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) and ribonucleic acid (rna) levels of molecular markers / pathways of interest.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM A: Patients receive either leuprolide acetate via injection every month or every 4 months, goserelin acetate via injection every month, or degarelix via injection every month for 8 months. Patients also receive bicalutamide orally (PO) once daily (QD), flutamide PO three times daily (TID), or nilutamide PO QD. Patients may crossover to Arm B with disease progression after 8 months.
ARM B: Patients receive leuprolide acetate, goserelin acetate, degarelix, bicalutamide, flutamide, or nilutamide as in Arm A. Patients also receive abiraterone acetate PO daily for 8 months and prednisone daily. Patients may crossover to Arm A with disease progression after 8 months.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 and 6 months.
Have signed an informed consent document indicating that the subjects understand the purpose of and procedures required for the study and are willing to participate in the study
Written Authorization for Use and Release of Health and Research Study Information has been obtained
Be willing/able to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in this protocol
Life expectancy >= 12 months
ECOG performance status (PS) =< 2
Histologically documented diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate (PCa) with no histologic variants
Prostate cancer recurrence after definitive local therapy (radical prostatectomy and/or radiation therapy) as evidenced by rising serum PSA, without evidence of metastases by bone scan or computed tomography (CT) scan
After radiation: A rising PSA taken to indicate recurrent prostate cancer in patients with previous definitive external beam radiotherapy will be defined as PSA of 1.0
After Radical Prostatectomy: A rising PSA taken to indicate recurrent prostate cancer in patients with previous radical prostatectomy will be defined by the criteria of the American Urological Association as any PSA measurement of 0.2, with a subsequent measurement > 0.2 ng/mL
Patients who have received androgen ablative therapy for less than 8 weeks immediately prior to initiation of study drug are eligible provided they had only PSA evidence of progression (as defined above) with no visible metastases by CT-scan and bone scan (within 6 weeks) prior to starting androgen ablation
White blood cell (WBC) >= 3.5 x 10^9/L
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
Hemoglobin (Hb) >= 9.0 g/dL
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 1.5 x the upper limit of normal
Serum potassium of >= 3.5 mEq/L
Serum albumin of >= 3.0 g/dL
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
Patients must have recovered from prior treatment regimens, e.g. surgery, radiation
A patient who is sexually active and their partner must agree and use two reliable barrier forms of contraception (for example, condoms and diaphragm), from first day of study drug administration until for 1 week after last dose of abiraterone acetate, unless partner is post-menopausal
Able to swallow the study drug whole as a tablet
Willing to take abiraterone acetate on an empty stomach; no food should be consumed at least two hours before and for at least one hour after the dose of abiraterone acetate is taken
Patients who have received prior hormonal therapy are excluded from the trial, except for: patients who have received up to 6 months of hormonal therapy as neoadjuvant therapy before radical prostatectomy or while on radiation therapy, as long as more than 1 year has elapsed between discontinuation of the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy and initiation of hormonal treatment for relapsing disease
Any known metastases
Prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval on pre-entry electrocardiogram (>= 450 msec)
Clinically significant heart disease as evidenced by myocardial infarction, or arterial thrombotic events in the past 6 months, severe or unstable angina, or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV heart disease or cardiac ejection fraction measurement of < 50% at baseline
Significant co-morbidity that could affect the safety or evaluability of participants as assessed by the treating physician and or principal investigator
Prior therapy with strontium-89, samarium, rhenium-186 etidronate, chemotherapy or androgen biosynthesis inhibitors for prostate cancer is not allowed. Previous immunologic, homeopathic, natural, or alternative medicine therapies are acceptable provided treatment ended greater than 28 days prior to initiation of study drug
Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are unable to comply with the requirements of the study protocol are not eligible
Active infection or other medical condition that would make prednisone/prednisolone (corticosteroid) use contraindicated
Active or symptomatic viral hepatitis
History of pituitary or adrenal dysfunction
Administration of an investigational therapeutic drug within 30 days of cycle 1 day 1
Have known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to abiraterone acetate or prednisone or their excipients
Have a history of gastrointestinal disorders (medical disorders or extensive surgery) that may interfere with the absorption of the study agents
Have a pre-existing condition that warrants long-term corticosteroid use in excess of study dose
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There is 1 Location for this study
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
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