Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
Focal Prostate Ablation With Androgen Deprivation and Novel Hormonal Therapy for Intermediate Risk Prostate Cancer
The purpose of this study is to determine the proportion of men with residual/recurrent clinically significant prostate cancer (Grade Group â‰¥2 disease) in the ablated or unablated prostate tissue following the combination treatment of 6-months of androgen deprivation therapy, apalutamide, and partial ablation of the prostate in men with newly diagnosed non-metastatic intermediate risk prostate cancer; specifically, men with a histopathologic diagnosis of Grade Group 2 & 3, with prostate specific antigen level <20 ng/mL.
And to assess the safety of the combination treatment of androgen deprivation therapy, apalutamide, and partial ablation of the prostate for the management of these patients.
Subjects must have intermediate-risk PCa as defined by the below criteria:
a. Favorable intermediate-risk PCa: i. ≤ clinical stage T2c, GG2, and PSA ≤ 10 ng/mL, and <50% positive biopsy cores with PCa b. Unfavorable intermediate-risk PCa: i. ≤ clinical stageT2c, GG2, and PSA 10-20 ng/mL, or ≥50% positive biopsy cores with PCa, or ii. ≤ clinical stage T2c, GG3, and PSA < 20 ng/mL
Note: The PSA value for this inclusion criteria must be the value obtained just prior to the subject's MRI-TB that provided the initial histopathologic diagnosis. This is considered to be the subject's "baseline" PSA.
If the MRI-TB which initially diagnosed the subject's PCa was obtained greater than 3-months from the time of study consent, then a repeat PSA should be completed for screening purposes to obtain a "baseline" PSA (unless one has been obtained for SOC at least 3-months after this initial biopsy in which case no repeat value is needed and this may be used for eligibility). This applies to all participants regardless of GG used for eligibility.
Note: The histopathologic diagnosis must be obtained via "MRI-TB", which for the purposes of the present study, is defined as both a systematic 12-core sextant random prostate biopsy and a targeted prostate biopsy. The targeted prostate biopsy can be performed via in-bore mpMRI prostate biopsy, cognitive mpMRI/ultrasound fusion prostate biopsy or software mpMRI/ultrasound fusion prostate biopsy. This "MRI-TB" must not be obtained greater than 1 year from the date of consent.
No mpMRI evidence of extra-prostatic extension (EPE) or seminal vesicle invasion, and if seminal vesical invasion is suspected, it must be excluded by prostate biopsy.
Subjects must have confirmed non-metastatic PCa following SOC screening for patients with unfavorable intermediate-risk PCa, a combination of computed tomography imaging of the abdomen and pelvis (CTAP) and technetium-99-mDP nuclear medicine bone scan (BS) and/or prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography (PSMA/PET) scan prior to enrollment. The imaging studies should be obtained within 6-months of enrollment. Additional imaging is not required for men with favorable intermediate-risk PCa.
Subject must be male ≥ 18 years-old.
Subjects must have a life expectancy of at least 10-years per the opinion of the treating investigator.
Subjects must be designated as Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2 or Karnofsky Performance Status Scale Score ≥ 60%, see Appendix A).
Subjects must be fit to undergo general anesthesia and the FT surgical procedure, which includes adequate visualization of the prostate gland on transrectal ultrasound imaging, access to the urethra, perineum and rectum, as well as be tolerant of lithotomy positioning in the opinion of the treating investigator or the operating surgeon(s) if not the same as the treating investigator.
Subjects must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:
Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/mcL Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 2.5 × institutional ULN Creatinine < 1.5 institutional ULN OR Calculated or measured creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min/1.73 m2
eGFR >30 mL/min using the MDRD (modification of diet and renal disease) formula Serum albumin ≥3.0 g/dL Serum potassium ≥3.5 mmol/L
Subjects with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial.
Subjects who are sexually active with a woman of childbearing potential must agree to use a condom with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository and his partner must also be practicing a highly effective method of contraception (i.e., established use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception; placement of an intrauterine device or intrauterine system) during treatment and for 3-months following the last dose of apalutamide.
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
1. Subject has had prior or current PCa therapies, such as biologic, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiotherapy or surgery for PCa. Subjects may not have had undergone pelvic radiation, chemotherapy or immunotherapy treatment for a separate hematologic or visceral malignancy within 6-months of enrollment in the present study.
2. Subjects with locally advanced, nodal or metastatic prostate cancer.
3. Subjects who are unfit for pelvic mpMRI scanning (e.g., severe claustrophobia, permanent cardiac pacemaker, metallic implants that are likely to contribute to significant image artifacts, allergy or contraindication to gadolinium contrast agent.
4. History of allergy or intolerance to study drug components.
5. History of bilateral orchiectomy.
6. History of prior use of apalutamide.
7. If the subject has an uncontrolled or major debilitating inter-current illness that would contraindicate or implicate significant morbidity of the proposed combination treatment, which includes but is not limited to poorly-controlled diabetes mellitus, medical conditions requiring chronic continuous oxygen therapy, active urinary tract infection (i.e., the subject must have discontinued all antibiotic(s) for at least one week prior to first dose of study drug), seizure disorder, or psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements.
8. Subjects who are receiving any other investigational agents, or who have received other investigational agents in the past and who are no longer receiving these investigational agents may be eligible at the discretion of the principal investigator (PI).
9. Subjects with history of seizure or known condition that may pre-dispose to seizure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, stroke, or transient ischemic attack within 12-months of consent to participate in the study.
10. Subjects who are unable to stop taking the following prohibited medications prior at least 4-weeks prior to initiating apalutamide treatment and throughout treatment with apalutamide will be excluded due to the risk of seizure:
a. Aminophylline/theophylline b. Atypical antipsychotics (e.g., clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, ziprasidone) c. Bupropion d. Lithium e. Meperidine and pethidine f. Phenothiazine antipsychotics (e.g., chlorpromazine, mesoridazine, thioridazine) g. Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline, desipramine, doxepin, imipramine, maprotiline, mirtazapine)
11. Judgment by the treating investigator or PI that the subject is unsuitable to participate in the study and the subject is unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions and requirements.
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