Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
Genomic Biomarker-Selected Umbrella Neoadjuvant Study for High Risk Localized Prostate Cancer
The objective of this study is to see if providing an appropriate therapy based on the genomic testing of prostate tumour tissue will result in an improved clinical response.
Each participant will be treated with 8 weeks of a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (LHRHa) plus apalutamide (APA) while genome sequence characterization is being done. Participants with biopsy specimens deemed unevaluable for genomic testing will remain on LHRHa plus APA for an additional 16 weeks.
Participants with evaluable tissue will be assigned to one of the open-label sub-studies on the basis of genomic profiling results. Within each group, they will be randomized to a specific treatment arm either LHRHa plus APA alone or adding abiraterone acetate and prednisone, docetaxel or niraparib.
The study will evaluate the response rate and outcomes after radical prostatectomy in each arm of the trial.
This is a multi-centre adaptive multi-arm phase II study. Participants are treated with an induction period of at least 8 weeks of LHRH agonist/antagonist (LHRHa) plus apalutamide (APA) while genome sequence characterization is being done.
Genomic sequencing analysis will be performed centrally by Tempus, a CLIA (Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments)-certified laboratory. For the DNA gene profiling, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) prostate cancer and surrounding healthy tissue from diagnostic biopsies will be used for genetic analysis. Copy number profiling will be performed using array Comparative Genomic Hybridisation (aCGH). Targeted sequencing using MiSeq (Illumina) and Ion Proton (Life Technologies) platforms will be performed to identify mutations in a panel of 648 genes.
Based on previous studies, we conservatively expect up to 25% of unevaluable needle biopsy specimens with inadequate/insufficient tumor tissue for genome sequencing. The patients with unevaluable tissue will continue on the master protocol (LHRHa + APA) for an additional 16 weeks followed by radical prostatectomy.
The genomically evaluable patients will be assigned to a specific sub-protocol according to the results of the genomic profile and randomized to a treatment arm within the sub-protocol for 16 weeks, with additional inclusion and exclusion criteria specified in dedicated sub-protocols. Radical prostatectomy will follow sub-protocol treatment.
Sub-protocol 1 - AR axis: No targetable actionable aberration; presence of TMPRSS2-ERG fusion, CHD1 loss or SPOP mutations: (~50% expected prevalence in study population) randomized to:
LHRHa + APA for 16 weeks or
LHRHa + APA + AAP (Abiraterone Acetate + Prednisone) for 16 weeks
Sub-protocol 2 - Loss of tumour suppressor genes - PTEN, TP53 or TB loss (~40%, bad prognosis) randomized to:
LHRHa + AAP for 16 weeks or
LHRHa + AAP + docetaxel for 6 cycles
Sub-protocol 3 - DNA damage response alterations (e.g. BRCA1/2, ATM, FANCONI, CDK12) in 6-8% assigned to:
LHRHa + AAP + PARP (Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase) inhibitors (niraparib) for 16 weeks
Sub-protocol 4 - Hypermutation, microsatellite instability (MSI), Lynch syndrome or CDK12 in less than 5% assigned to:
a. LHRHa + APA plus PD-L1 inhibitor (atezolizumab) for 16 weeks
- I. Males ≥ 18 years of age
II. Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without pathologic evidence of small cell differentiation at the time of initial diagnosis
III. High-risk localized prostate cancer as defined by:
PSA (prostate specific antigen) >20, any GS or >8 or
Gleason pattern 4 in 6 or more systematic cores (pattern 4 must be dominant, ≥50% average across 6 or more systematic cores) or
≥ 50% Gleason pattern 4 in 3 or more systematic or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)-targeted cores and PSA ≥ 20 (may include G4+3 or G4+4 but pattern 4 must be dominant, ≥50% average across 3 or more systematic cores) or
≥25% Gleason pattern 5 in 3 or more systematic or MRI-targeted cores (may include G4+5, or G3+5, but pattern 5 must be ≥25% average across 3 or more systematic cores).
Gleason > 8 or greater on minimum of one core either targeted or systematic biopsy and PSA >20
Participants with oligometastatic (< 3) metastases by PSMA (Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen) imaging only who are deemed candidates for radical prostatectomy are eligible
IV. Participants must consent to genetic testing at registration and prior to assignment by a central reference laboratory
V. No prior systemic or localized treatment for prostate cancer. Up to 30 days of LHRHa is allowable prior to treatment.
VI. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status 0 or 1 (Appendix II) and a life expectancy of ≥ 3 years
VII. Participants must have adequate end-organ function and all laboratory tests must be performed within 4 weeks prior to registration into master protocol.
VIII. Participant consent must be appropriately obtained in accordance with applicable local and regulatory requirements. Each participant must sign a consent form prior to enrolment in the trial to document their willingness to participate.
- I. Received more than 30 days of LHRHa prior to registration and initiation of LHRHa + APA
II. Stage T4 prostate cancer by clinical examination or radiologic evaluation
III. Hypogonadism or severe androgen deficiency as defined by screening serum testosterone more than 50 ng/dL below the normal range for the institution
IV. Participants with serious illnesses or medical conditions which could cause unacceptable safety risks or would not permit the participant to be managed according to the protocol. This includes but is not limited to:
Active infection or chronic liver disease requiring systemic therapy;
Active or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with detectable viral load;
Uncontrolled or recent clinically significant cardiac disease, including: angina pectoris, symptomatic pericarditis, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty, or stenting, or myocardial infarction in the previous 12 months; history of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV) or cardiomyopathy; history of any cardiac arrhythmias, e.g. ventricular, supraventricular, nodal arrhythmias, or conduction abnormality in the previous 12 months;
Participants with uncontrolled hypertension
V. Participants who are unable to swallow oral medication and/or have impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the study drugs (e.g. ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel resection)
VI. Participants with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any excipient
VII. Participants with a history of non-compliance to medical regimen
VIII. Severe concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity that, in the judgement of the Investigator, would make the participant inappropriate for enrollment or prostatectomy
IX. Prior androgen deprivation, chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation for prostate cancer
X. Receiving concurrent androgens, estrogens, or pregestational agents, or prior exposure to any of these agents within 6 months prior to randomization
XI. M1 by conventional imaging (CT, bone scan)
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There are 3 Locations for this study
Houston Texas, 77030, United States More Info
Vancouver British Columbia, V5Z 1, Canada More Info
Toronto Ontario, M5G 2, Canada More Info
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