Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
M6620 and Carboplatin With or Without Docetaxel in Treating Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well berzosertib (M6620) and carboplatin with or without docetaxel works in treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). M6620 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving M6620, carboplatin and docetaxel may work better in treating patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer compared to carboplatin and docetaxel alone.
I. To assess the difference in response rate (either achievement of prostate specific antigen [PSA] reduction of greater than 50% or radiographic response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1) of the combination of berzosertib (M6620) (VX-970, berzosertib) and carboplatin as compared to the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin.
I. To assess the difference in time to PSA progression by Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)2 criteria of the combination of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) and carboplatin as compared to the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin.
II. To describe radiographic progression-free survival and progression-free survival by PCWG3 criteria in both arms of the study.
III. Assess the relationship with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) detected from baseline tumor biopsy with response to the combination of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) and carboplatin and the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin.
IV. To describe the safety and adverse events from the combination of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) + carboplatin as well the combination of docetaxel + carboplatin.
I. Comparison of overall survival in the two arms of the study. II. Explore response rate, time to PSA progression, radiographic progression-free survival, and progression-free survival by PCWG3 criteria in patients who initially receive docetaxel + carboplatin after crossover to M6620 + carboplatin.
III. To assess the relationship with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) detected from baseline circulating free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (cfDNA) with response to the combination of M6620 and carboplatin and the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin, and describe alterations seen in cfDNA (and optional tumor biopsy) at end of study.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.
ARM A (docetaxel, carboplatin): Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 or carboplatin alone on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients have PSA progression or radiographic progression may crossover to Arm B.
ARM B (carboplatin, berzosertib): Patients receive carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and berzosertib IV over 60-90 minutes on days 2 and 9. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up between 30-42 days.
Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed prostate cancer (code 10036910) with progressive disease at the time of study entry by either
Sequence of at least 2 rising PSA values at a minimum of 1-week intervals
Radiographic progression per RECIST1.1 for soft tissue and/or per PCWG3^2 for bone, with or without PSA progression
Patients must have metastatic disease by bone scan or other nodal or visceral lesions on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a castrate level of testosterone (< 50 ng/dL) and evaluable for disease response by either
Baseline PSA >= 2.0 ng/mL OR
Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1
NOTE: Subjects must maintain a castrate state; if they have not had an orchiectomy, they must continue to receive luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists or antagonists unless intolerant
At least 2 prior treatments for castration resistant prostate cancer as follows:
Past progression or intolerance to at least one secondary hormonal therapy (abiraterone, enzalutamide, galeterone, apalutamide, darolutamide, orteronel, seviteronel or equivalent)
Past progression or intolerance to taxane-based chemotherapy
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (transfusion permitted)
Platelets >= 150,000/mcL (without transfusion or growth factor in prior 28 days)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal, unless the subject has known or suspected Gilbert's syndrome
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal or =< 5 x if presence of liver metastases
Creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2
Prior treatment with mTOR inhibitors, cytostatic tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), or biologic therapies allowed
Prior treatment with PARP inhibitors permitted
Patients with allergy or intolerance to docetaxel, grade 2 neuropathy are allowed on study, but if randomized to Arm A will receive carboplatin as a single agent (area under curve [AUC] 5) rather than docetaxel+carboplatin; they must be fit for carboplatin chemotherapy as determined by the treating investigator
Presence of a lesion (bone or soft tissue) amenable to image-guided percutaneous biopsy adequate for next generation sequencing (NGS), and planned to undergo core biopsy after trial registration but prior to cycle 1 day 1 of therapy; confirmation of adequacy of this biopsy material for NGS is NOT required for initiation of therapy; if elective biopsies are not being performed at the treating institution due to preparations or precautions related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), this requirement can be waived on discussion with the trial principal investigator (PI)
The effects of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib), carboplatin and docetaxel on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because DNA-damage response inhibitors and chemotherapeutic agents are known to be teratogenic, men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 6 months after completion of carboplatin and M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) administration
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to planned cycle 1 day 1 of study treatment; patients on an oral anti-neoplastic such as an oral hormonal agent, PARP inhibitor or oral experimental agent should discontinue >= 14 days prior to planned cycle 1 day 1 of study treatment
Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1), except for grade 2 anorexia, alopecia, neuropathy, and fatigue, for which resolution is not required
Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
Patients with known brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) or carboplatin; (patients with allergy to docetaxel will be allowed on study, but docetaxel will be excluded from their treatment regimen)
Subjects receiving treatment with ototoxic or nephrotoxic medications that cannot be discontinued at least 7 days before first dose of carboplatin and for the duration of the study; inadvertent or short-term use on study will not cause a subject to be ineligible; if a short course of therapy with nephrotoxic or ototoxic medication is anticipated and required, carboplatin should be discontinued until 7 days after this course is completed; patients on continuous medications that are potentially nephrotoxic who have had no evidence of nephrotoxicity from these medications at study entry are allowed to continue those medicines on trial
M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4; therefore, concomitant administration with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir and saquinavir) or inducers of CYP3A4 (e.g. rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, St. John's Wort) is prohibited; because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated medical reference for a list of drugs to avoid or minimize use of; Patient Drug Information Handout and Wallet Card should be provided to patients; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant and nursing women are excluded from this study because they do not develop prostate cancer
Human immunodeficiency (HIV)-positive participants with detectable viral load and/or CD4 count =< 300 are ineligible due to increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy; HIV-positive patients with undetectable viral loads and CD4 counts > 300, and not on interacting antiretroviral therapy may be eligible after discussing with the principal investigator
Prior treatment with platinum-containing regimen or ATR inhibitor for prostate cancer
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There are 22 Locations for this study
Duarte California, 91010, United States
La Jolla California, 92093, United States
Sacramento California, 95817, United States
Aurora Colorado, 80045, United States
Derby Connecticut, 06418, United States
Fairfield Connecticut, 06824, United States
Guilford Connecticut, 06437, United States
Hartford Connecticut, 06105, United States
New Haven Connecticut, 06510, United States
New Haven Connecticut, 06520, United States
North Haven Connecticut, 06473, United States
Orange Connecticut, 06477, United States
Torrington Connecticut, 06790, United States
Trumbull Connecticut, 06611, United States
Waterbury Connecticut, 06708, United States
Waterford Connecticut, 06385, United States
Boston Massachusetts, 02215, United States
Boston Massachusetts, 02215, United States
Detroit Michigan, 48201, United States
New Brunswick New Jersey, 08903, United States
Columbus Ohio, 43210, United States
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, 15232, United States
Richmond Virginia, 23298, United States
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