Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
Phase II Study of PARP Inhibitor Olaparib and IV Ascorbate in Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer
This is a study to evaluate the safety and clinical activity of the combination of olaparib and high-dose IV ascorbate, as second or later line of therapy, in castration resistant prostate cancer patients with no known DNA repair gene mutations (DDRm). In brief, the primary endpoint is PSA50 response , defined by a 50% reduction in PSA from baseline . The secondary endpoints are assessing the PSA doubling time, radiographic and PSA PFS, safety and tolerability as defined by the incidence of grade 3 to 5 toxicities, and measuring overall survival.
Have metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (prostate cancer progressing by PSA (rise by 25% on prior therapy) or imaging despite castrate levels of testosterone [<50 ngdL] using standard measures of progression defined by Prostate Cancer Working Group33)
Have a minimum PSA of 1 ng/mL
Have a pathological diagnosis of prostate carcinoma
Patients should continue receiving continuous hormonal ablation with surgical or medical castration with baseline testosterone <50ng> Patients may be receiving bone-targeted agents
May have received multiple lines of therapy including radium 223, sipuleucel T, and up to 2 lines of chemotherapy (One of 2 lines may be for hormone sensitive metastatic prostate cancer or both can be for castration resistant).
Age >= 18
Have ECOG performance status 0-1 (Appendix A)
Be able to take oral medication and willing to consider a port for ease of administration of ascorbate
Must have progressed on one systemic line of treatment (can include LHRH agonist/antagonist or orchiectomy and one additional line of therapy (abiraterone, enzalutamide, apalutamide, darolutamide, docetaxel, etc))
Have normal organ and marrow function measured within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment as defined below:
Absolute neutrophil count >1.5 x 109/L
Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm³
Hemoglobin ≥ 9g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days
Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 ULN
AST (SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN (≤5x ULN if with known liver metastases provided bilirubin is normal
Creatinine ≤ 1.6 x ULN (for patients with ≥1.6 x ULN, calculated or measured creatinine clearance must be ≥ 60 mL/minute (Cockcroft-Gault)
Men of reproductive potential and those who are surgically sterilized (i.e. post- vasectomy) must agree to practice effective barrier contraception that has an expected failure rate of <1% during and for 6 months after discontinuation of study treatment. Female partners should also use a highly effective form of contraception ([see Appendix C for acceptable methods]) if they are of childbearing potential.
If condoms are used as a barrier contraceptive, a spermicidal agent should be added to ensure that pregnancy does not occur
Have the ability to understand, and have given written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedures not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
Have a known DNA repair mutation (minimum list of genes that must be mutation negative for inclusion: ATM, BARD1, BRCA1, BRCA2, BRIP1, CDK12, CHEK1, CHEK2, FANCL, PALB2, RAD51B, RAD51C, RAD51D, RAD45L). In addition, patients who have not completed germline and somatic testing to rule out such a mutation are ineligible until they have completed testing. If tissue or liquid ctDNA sequencing was not previously done, testing using the Foundation One liquid biopsy test or an equivalent FDA-approved test is acceptable as standard of care.
DNA repair mutation variant of unknown significance (VUS) allowed
Have had known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.
Patients with symptomatic uncontrolled brain metastases. A scan to confirm the absence of brain metastases is not required. The patient can receive a stable dose of corticosteroids before and during the study as long as these were started at least 4 weeks prior to treatment. Patients with spinal cord compression unless considered to have received definitive treatment for this and evidence of clinically stable disease for 28 days.
No prior olaparib, rucaparib, or other PARP inhibitor
Have had major surgery within 2 weeks of dosing of investigational agent
Have had palliative radiation or another biological cancer therapy within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug (2 week wash out required)
Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks prior to study treatment
Have received other investigational drugs within 14 days prior to enrollment.
Is expected to require chemotherapy or radiation for pain palliation in the next 12 weeks.
Have used or plan concomitant use of the following medications in the past 6 months prior to enrollment: 5-alpha reductase inhibitors unless subject has been taking stable dose of medication for prior 6 months
Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (eg. itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (eg. ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil). The required washout period prior to starting study treatment is 2 weeks. See the following link for a complete list of known CYP3A inhibitors: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-interactions-labeling/drug-development-and-drug-interactions-table-substrates-inhibitors-and-inducers
Concomitant use of known strong (eg. phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's Wort ) or moderate CYP3A inducers (eg. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil). The required washout period prior to starting study treatment is 5 weeks for enzalutamide or phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents. See the following link for a complete list of known CYP3A inhibitors:https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-interactions-labeling/drug-development-and-drug-interactions-table-substrates-inhibitors-and-inducers
Have moderate or severe cardiovascular disease:
Has the presence of cardiac disease, including a myocardial infarction within six months prior to study entry, unstable angina pectoris, New York Heart Association Class III/IV congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled hypertension.
Resting ECG indicating uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the investigator (eg., unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, QTc prolongation >500 ms, electrolyte disturbances, etc.), or patients with congenital long QT syndrome.
Have uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Other malignancy unless curatively treated with no evidence of disease for >5 years except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer
Persistent toxicities (>Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE) grade 2) caused by previous cancer therapy, excluding alopecia
Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia or with features suggestive of MDS/AML
Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection. Examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, extensive interstitial bilateral lung disease on High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) scan or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent
Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of the study medication.
Immunocompromised patients, e.g., patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Patients with known active hepatitis (i.e. Hepatitis B or C)
Previous allogenic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord blood transplantation (dUCBT)
Patients with a known hypersensitivity to olaparib or any of the excipients of the product.
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