Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
Selenomethionine and Finasteride Before Surgery or Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage I or Stage II Prostate Cancer
RATIONALE: Selenomethionine may slow the growth of prostate cancer. Testosterone can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Finasteride may fight prostate cancer by lowering the amount of testosterone the body makes. Giving selenomethionine together with finasteride before surgery or radiation therapy may be an effective treatment for prostate cancer.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well selenomethionine and finasteride work when given before surgery or radiation therapy in treating patients with stage I or stage II prostate cancer.
To investigate the effects of selenomethionine and/or finasteride on key androgen receptor signaling biomarkers (prostate-specific antigen, kallikrein 2, and NKX3.1) in prostate tissue samples from patients with stage I or II prostate cancer.
To analyze the effects of selenomethionine and/or finasteride on apoptosis induction in benign prostate tissue samples from these patients.
To determine whether responsiveness to selenomethionine and/or finasteride is related to the level of Prx1 in prostate cancer cells.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms.
Arm I: Patients receive oral selenomethionine and oral finasteride once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy.
Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo and oral finasteride once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy.
Arm III: Patients receive oral selenomethionine and oral placebo once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy.
Arm IV: Patients receive two oral placebos once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy.
Blood samples are collected at baseline and on the day of prostatectomy or brachytherapy. Samples are analyzed for testosterone and 5-α-dihydrotestosterone levels by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; genetic polymorphisms in the type 2 5-α reductase gene by PCR and sequencing analyses; and selenium levels by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Additional blood samples will be stored for future analysis of alpha and gamma tocopherol, lycopene, and other vitamin levels. Toenail samples are also collected to provide an indicator of long-term selenium status. Prostate tissue samples are collected during and after prostatectomy or prior to brachytherapy. Samples are analyzed for expression of biomarkers (e.g., prostate-specific antigen, kallikrein 2, and NKX 3.1) by quantitative RT-PCR and apoptosis by TUNEL assay, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA.
Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate
Diagnosed by sextant or greater biopsy
Clinical stage < T3 (stage I or II) disease
Prostate-specific antigen < 20.0 ng/mL
Gleason score < 8
Scheduled to undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy
Life expectancy > 5 years
No other prior malignancy (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) in the past 5 years
Willing and able to take finasteride, selenomethionine, and/or placebo for 3-5 weeks prior to prostatectomy/brachytherapy
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
More than 1 year since prior finasteride, dutasteride, Sereona repens (saw palmetto), or any other 5-α reductase inhibitor
No prior hormonal therapy or radiotherapy
More than 30 days since prior and no concurrent participation in any other clinical trial involving a medical, surgical, nutritional, or life-style intervention (e.g., dietary modification or exercise)
No concurrent selenium dietary supplement at doses > 200 mg/day, including multivitamin supplements
At least 30 days since > 200mg/day of prior selenium dietary supplement
No other concurrent hormonal therapy, including 5-α reductase inhibitors (e.g., finasteride or dutasteride); anti-androgens (e.g., bicalutamide, flutamide, or ketoconazole); or luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists (e.g., leuprolide acetate, goserelin acetate, or abarelix)
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There is 1 Location for this study
Buffalo New York, 14263, United States
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