There are several diagnostic tests that are done if myeloma is suspected.
Dr, Ravi Vij, medical Oncologist at Washington University, St. Louis says the blood tests are done because “in multiple myeloma one of the cardinal manifestations is a low hemoglobin or low red cell count, and this is due to the fact that the bone marrow is not producing blood cells in adequate numbers.” And Vij says kidney tests are necessary. “We look at the kidney function, especially the creatinine, which is a measure of how well the kidneys are performing, because, unfortunately in patients with myeloma, kidney involvement is common.” The bone marrow biopsy, in addition to analyzing the cancer “will tell us how many of these abnormal plasma cells are in the bone marrow”, Vij says.
There are also several imaging tests conducted to see if there are bone fractures or bone lesions including:
Additional testing beyond these may be necessary depending on the specific patient.
These videos can help you understand the process to determine if you have multiple myeloma and the important factors which will shape your treatment.
Diagnosis and Workup: Do I Have Multiple Myeloma?