Most men will develop prostate cancer at some point in their lives if they live long enough, according to Dr. Geoffrey Sonn, Assistant Professor of Urology at Stanford Medicine. Yet most men will not die from prostate cancer. So what is the best treatment? The answer will likely differ depending on which doctor or hospital you choose. The challenge for your oncology team is whether to treat and if so how, or just watch and wait.
Some cancers are so small that they do not show any potential of spreading. In those cases, active surveillance may be the choice. Cancers that are high-risk with the potential for spreading should be treated, most likely by removing the prostate gland or by radiation therapy. Treatment comes with potential urinary and sexual side effects so the risks and benefits need to be weighed.
Prostate cancer can be treated with a handful of methods – and believe it or not, your preference on the matter makes a big difference. We asked top doctors to weigh in on surgery vs. radiation and the watch & wait approach.
Active surveillance for prostate cancer is a very specific protocol with requirements and guidelines. While this is not ideal for everyone, it may work for certain patients and spare them the side effects of treatment.
What is Active Surveillance?
The Benefits of Active Surveillance
When Is Active Surveillance Not Enough?
Before you decide on a surgeon or a surgical technique for prostate cancer, you should understand the options and some key questions to ask your surgeon.
An Overview of Prostate Cancer Surgery
How to Choose a Surgeon – Does Volume Matter?
Laparoscopic Surgery vs. Traditional Open Surgery for Prostate Cancer
How Do You Choose the Right Robotic Surgeon?
Your Own Opinion on Surgery vs. Radiation Matters