Bladder Cancer Clinical Trial
IDO and PD-L1 Peptide Based Immune-Modulatory Therapeutic (IO102-IO103) in Combination With Pembrolizumab for BCG-Unresponsive or Intolerant, Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
This phase I trial tests the safety and side effects of a PD-L1/IDO peptide vaccine (IO102-IO103) in combination with pembrolizumab in treating patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. IO102-IO103 is a novel IDO and PD-L1 peptide based immune-modulatory therapeutic. It is designed to activate the patient's own immune cells (called T-cells) to fight the tumor and stop the tumor cells escaping from the body's immune system. IO102-IO103 works to directly kill tumor cells and remove the body's immune suppressive cells, which are cells that prevent the immune system from fighting the tumor. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving IO102-IO103 in combination with pembrolizumab may make tumor cells more visible/recognizable to the immune system.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. Evaluate the feasibility, safety and toxicity of the PD-L1/IDO peptide vaccine (IO102-IO103) in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-unresponsive or intolerant, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).
SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess preliminary efficacy of IO102-IO103 in combination with pembrolizumab. II. To obtain preliminary efficacy of IO102-IO103 in combination with pembrolizumab.
OUTLINE: Patients receive PD-L1/IDO peptide vaccine subcutaneously (SC) and pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) on study. Patients also undergo computed tomography (CT) and/or CT/positron emission tomography (PET) and collection of blood samples throughout the trial.After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days and then every 3 months thereafter.
Adults >= 18 years of age
Histologically confirmed high-risk NMIBC (T1, high-grade Ta, or carcinoma in situ [CIS]/Tis). Mixed histologies are allowed if predominantly transitional cell histology. Archival tissue or planned cystoscopy within 28 day of planned initiation of treatment
Maximally resected tumor on study entry
Cystectomy ineligible or declined
Two induction courses of BCG attempted, regardless of exact doses received
ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status score of 0 - 2
Life expectancy >= 6 months
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1000 cells/uL (=< 14 days of the first study treatment)
Platelet count > 50,000/uL (=< 14 days of the first study treatment)
Hemoglobin > 8 g/dL (=< 14 days of the first study treatment)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 14 days of the first study treatment)
Alkaline phosphatase =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 14 days of the first study treatment)
Total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN (=< 14 days of the first study treatment)
Creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min as measured using Cockcroft-Gault equation or the estimated glomerular filtration rate from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study (=< 14 days of the first study treatment)
International normalized ratio (INR) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless the subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy. Individuals on anticoagulant therapy should have a prothrombin time (PT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) within therapeutic range of intended use and no history of severe hemorrhage
Ability to understand and willingness to sign an informed consent document
Ability to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
For female patients of childbearing potential and male patients with partners of childbearing potential, agreement (by patient and/or partner) to use methods of contraception
Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment may, in the opinion of the investigator, have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen
Uncontrolled concomitant disease that in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with the patient's safety or compliance on trial
Known history of positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with CD4 < 200 or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining condition
Known active tuberculosis
Active infection requiring systemic therapy, including active or intractable urinary tract infection (UTI)
Previous treatment with immunotherapy-checkpoint-inhibitors/" >checkpoint inhibitors targeting either PD-(L)1 or CTLA-4
Prior exposure to IO102 or IO103
Received systemic chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiotherapy =< 2 weeks before study treatment initiation
Any adverse events from prior cancer therapy have resolved to grade =< 1 according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5
Congestive heart failure (as defined by New York Heart Association Functional Classification III or IV), unstable angina, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, a myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to study entry or a history of myocarditis
Any medical condition requiring systemic steroid equivalent to prednisone > 10 mg daily or immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days or 5 half-lives prior to first dose of trial therapy. Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone are eligible. Patients who have adrenal insufficiency and hypophysitis from prior immunotherapy if they are on stable medical replacement doses are eligible
Received a live or live-attenuated vaccine =< 30 days before the first dose of study treatment. Administration of killed vaccines, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) based vaccines (e.g., COVID-19), and vector based vaccines are allowed
Pregnant and/or breast feeding women. If a urine pregnancy test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required =< 24 hours prior to planned treatment initiation
Evidence of active interstitial lung disease or history of non-infectious pneumonitis requiring systemic steroids
Known allergy or reaction to any component of either study drug formulation
Any condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent
Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with the patient's safety or compliance while on trial
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There is 1 Location for this study
Sacramento California, 95817, United States More Info
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