Bladder Cancer Clinical Trial

Modern Immunotherapy in BCG-Unresponsive, BCG-Relapsing and High Risk BCG-Naive Non-Muscle Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder

Summary

Upon successful screening and registration, enrollment to durvalumab monotherapy (cohort 1) will begin. If DLT criteria outlined in the protocol are exceeded with durvalumab monotherapy (cohort 1), the study will close. Provided the safety of durvalumab monotherapy is established, enrollment to combination regimen cohorts will proceed. Cohorts will simultaneously enroll in parallel to each other with patients assigned to cohorts based on patient slot availability and study site choice of radiation arm participation. Patient assignment to future phase 1 arms would proceed similarly.

Within BCG-containing cohorts, treatment will begin at full-dose BCG. If DLT criteria outlined in Section 5.1.4 are exceeded with full-dose BCG, a one level dose reduction of BCG will be implemented. If DLT criteria outlined in Section 5.1.4 are exceeded with reduced-dose BCG, the BCG-containing cohort will not proceed to Phase 2 of the study. Similarly, if DLT criteria outlined in Section 5.1.4 are exceeded within non-BCG containing cohorts, the non-BCG containing cohort will not proceed to phase 2 of the study. Due to the prolonged half-life of antibody therapies, no dose adjustments are planned for durvalumab in any of the cohorts.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria (All Patients):

Subject must meet all of the following applicable criteria to participate in this study:

Histologically confirmed non-muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (Ta, T1, or Tis stage) on TURBT obtained within 60 days of registration. NOTE: Mixed histologies are permitted, provided a component of urothelial carcinoma is present. Patients with histologically confirmed non- muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (Ta, T1, or Tis stage) on prior TURBT who undergo re-resection of the tumor base to confirm the diagnosis and/or exclude the presence of muscle-invasive disease (T2 or greater) who do not have appreciable tumor in the re-resection TURBT are eligible to enroll provided their re-resection was obtained within 60 days of registration and they meet all other eligibility criteria.
ECOG (WHO) performance status 0 or 1
Age ≥ 18 years old at time of consent

Adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function as defined by the following laboratory parameters:

White blood cell count (WBC) > 3.0 K/mm3
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 K/mm3
Platelets ≥ 100 K/mm3
Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL
Serum total bilirubin: ≤ 1.5 x ULN
ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 x ULN
Serum creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 30 mL/min using the modified Cockcroft- Gault equation
Subjects who give a written informed consent obtained according to local guidelines

Inclusion Criteria (Phase 1 Only):

In addition to the inclusion criteria required of all patients above, the following inclusion criteria are also required of patients enrolling to Phase 1 of the study.

• BCG-unresponsive disease defined by any of the following:

Persistent or recurrent CIS with or without the presence of concurrent Ta or T1 tumors within 12 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy
Recurrent high-grade Ta or T1 tumors within 6 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy. NOTE: In recognition of the fact that procedure scheduling factors beyond the control of the patient or treating physician may cause unintended delays in disease evaluations, patients with pure papillary tumors (Ta or T1) with no components of CIS with recurrence documented within 9 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy who meet all other eligibility criteria may be considered for enrollment after consultation with the study chair.
Persistent T1 high-grade tumors at the first disease evaluation (e.g. 3- month post-treatment evaluation) following an adequate BCG induction course
Prostatic urethra involvement of NMIBC

Adequate BCG therapy is defined as at least one of the following:

At least 5 of 6 doses of an initial induction BCG course plus at least 2 of 3 doses of maintenance therapy
At least 5 of 6 doses of an initial induction BCG course plus at least 2 of 6 doses of a second induction course. NOTE: Patients with concurrent non-muscle invasive tumors (CIS, Ta, T1) in the prostatic urethra and/or concurrent non-invasive tumors (CIS, Ta) in the upper urinary tracts (ureter, renal pelvis) are permitted to enroll in Phase 1 of the study. Patients with concurrent T1 tumors in the upper urinary tracts (ureter, renal pelvis) are not eligible to enroll in Phase 1 of the study. Patients who have met the BCG-unresponsive criteria at any time point in their treatment history are permitted to enroll in Phase 1 of the study regardless of the time frame between their most recent BCG treatment administration and study registration dates.

Inclusion Criteria (Phase 2 Only):

In addition to the inclusion criteria required of all patients above, the following inclusion criteria are also required of patients enrolling to Phase 2 of the study.

High-risk NMIBC defined according to modified EORTC risk criteria summarized as follows: NOTE: Intermediate- and Low-risk tumors as defined below are not eligible.

Low-risk Tumors: Initial or recurrent tumor > 12 months after resection with all of the following:

Solitary tumor
Low-grade
< 3 cm
No CIS

Intermediate-Risk Tumors

--- All tumors not defined in the two adjacent categories (between the category of low and high risk)

High-risk Tumors. Any of the following:

T1 tumor
High-grade
CIS
Multiple and recurrent and large (> 3 cm) Ta low-grade tumors (all conditions must be met for this point on Ta low-grade tumors)

BCG-unresponsive, BCG-relapsing, BCG-persistent, or high-risk BCG-naïve NMIBC defined as follows:

BCG-unresponsive NMIBC is defined by any of the following:

Persistent or recurrent CIS with or without the presence of concurrent Ta or T1 tumors within 12 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy
Recurrent high-grade Ta or T1 tumors within 6 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy. NOTE: In recognition of the fact that procedure scheduling factors beyond the control of the patient or treating physician may cause unintended delays in disease evaluations, patients with pure high-grade papillary tumors (Ta or T1) with no components of CIS with recurrence documented within 9 months of completion of adequate BCG therapy who meet all other eligibility criteria may be considered for enrollment after consultation with the study chair.
Persistent T1 high-grade tumors at the first disease evaluation (e.g. 3-month post-treatment evaluation) following an adequate BCG induction course
Prostatic urethra involvement of NMIBC

Adequate BCG therapy is defined as at least one of the following:

At least 5 of 6 doses of an initial induction BCG course plus at least 2 of 3 doses of maintenance therapy
At least 5 of 6 doses of an initial induction BCG course plus at least 2 of 6 doses of a second induction course
BCG-relapsing NMIBC is defined as recurrent high-risk NMIBC after achievement of a complete response to BCG induction therapy which does not meet any of the BCG-unresponsive criteria outlined in the protocol.
BCG-persistent NMIBC is defined as persistent high-risk NMIBC at the first disease evaluation after initial BCG induction therapy (with no intervening achievement of complete response) for which a second course of BCG induction therapy is considered a standard of care (e.g. CIS or high grade Ta tumors) which does not meet any of the BCG-unresponsive criteria outlined in the protocol.
High-risk BCG-naive NMIBC is defined as high-risk NMIBC in a patient that has never received intravesical BCG therapy. NOTE: Patients who have received intervening or additional non-BCG based intravesical therapies (e.g. chemotherapy, non-BCG investigational agents) are eligible provided they satisfy at least one of the above BCG-unresponsive, BCG-relapsing, BCG-persistent, or high-risk BCG-naive definitions at any time point in their treatment history.

Primary Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion Criteria (All Patients):

Subjects with muscle-invasive (i.e. T2, T3, T4) locally advanced unresectable, or metastatic urothelial carcinoma as assessed on baseline radiographic imaging obtained within 60 days prior to study registration. The required radiographic imaging includes:

Abdomen/Pelvis - CT scan
Chest - chest x-ray or CT scan
Subjects with another active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers and biochemical relapsed prostate cancer. Subjects that have completed all necessary therapy and are considered to be at less than 30% risk of relapse are not considered to have an active second malignancy and are eligible for enrollment.
Subjects who have received the last administration of an anti-cancer therapy including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and monoclonal antibodies ≤ 4 weeks prior to starting study drug, or who have not recovered from the side effects of such therapy.

Any unresolved toxicity NCI CTCAE Grade ≥ 2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria

Patients with Grade ≥ 2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by- case basis after consultation with the sponsor-investigator.
Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab may be included only after consultation with the sponsor-investigator.
Subjects who have received prior therapy with PD-1, PD-L1, or CTLA-4 directed agents.
Subjects who have had any prior radiation to the prostate or pelvis. NOTE: The exclusion of patients who have had any prior radiation to the prostate or pelvis applies to both phase 1 and 2 of the trial only within radiation containing study regimens. Patients with a prior history of prostate or pelvic radiation who meet all other eligibility criteria may be considered for phase 1 and phase 2 enrollment to non-radiation containing study regimens after consultation with the study chair.
Subjects who have undergone major surgery (e.g. intra-thoracic, intra- abdominal or intra-pelvic), open biopsy or significant traumatic injury ≤ 4 weeks prior to starting study drug, or subjects who have had minor procedures (i.e. TURBT), percutaneous biopsies or placement of vascular access device ≤ 1 week prior to starting study drug, or who have not recovered from side effects of such procedure or injury

Subjects with any of the following concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions which could compromise participation in the study:

Clinically significant cardiac diseases, including any of the following:

History or presence of serious uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias
Clinically significant resting bradycardia
Any of the following within 3 months prior to starting study drug: myocardial infarction (MI), severe/unstable angina, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG), Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA), Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), Pulmonary Embolism (PE)
Uncontrolled hypertension defined by a SBP ≥ 160 mm Hg and/or DBP ≥ 100 mm Hg, with or without anti-hypertensive medication(s)
Cirrhosis

Active Infection (includes chronic active and chronic persistent)

Tuberculosis
Hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HbsAg). Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HbsAg) are eligible
Hepatitis C. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/positive HIV 1/2 antibodies) infection (HIV testing is not mandatory)

Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc.]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:

Patients with vitiligo or alopecia
Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician
Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
Other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled concomitant medical conditions (e.g. active or uncontrolled infection, uncontrolled diabetes) that could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol

Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection)
Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent
Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication)
Usage of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) for the treatment of osteoarthritis and uric acid synthesis inhibitors for the treatment of gout are permitted. For questions, please consult the sponsor-investigator.
Pregnant or breast-feeding women. Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum test ≤ 14 days prior to starting study drug.
Women of child-bearing potential, who are biologically able to conceive, and not employing contraception as described in the protocol.
Fertile males not willing to use contraception, as stated in the protocol.
Subjects unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol
Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP. NOTE: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving study drugs and up to 30 days after the last dose of study drug.
Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients.

Exclusion Criteria (Phase 1 Only) In Phase 1 of the study, there are no additional exclusion criteria beyond those described of all patients above.

Exclusion Criteria (Phase 2 Only) In addition to the exclusion criteria described of all patients above, the following exclusion criteria apply to patients enrolling to Phase 2 of the study.

• Subjects with concurrent upper urinary tract (i.e. ureter, renal pelvis) high-grade urothelial carcinoma. NOTE: Subjects with concurrent low-grade non-invasive (Ta) upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma are eligible. Similarly, patients with a history of high-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma that has been definitively treated with at least one post-treatment disease assessment (i.e. cytology, biopsy, imaging) that demonstrates no evidence of residual disease are eligible.

Study is for people with:

Bladder Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

186

Study ID:

NCT03317158

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

Noah Hahn, M.D.

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There are 11 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

BCG Oncology
Phoenix Arizona, 85032, United States
Stanford University
Stanford California, 94305, United States
Rush University Medical Cneter
Chicago Illinois, 60612, United States
Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis Indiana, 46202, United States More Info
Nabil Adra, MD
Contact
317-948-6942
[email protected]
Yvonne Lafary
Contact
317-278-5613
[email protected]
Nabil Adra, MD
Principal Investigator
Costantine Albany, MD
Sub-Investigator
Roberto Pili, MD
Sub-Investigator
Hristos Kaimakliotis, MD
Sub-Investigator
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City Iowa, 52242, United States More Info
Tiffany Kriegel
Contact
319-353-4582
[email protected]
Michael A. O'Donnell, MD
Principal Investigator
Johns Hopkins University: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Baltimore Maryland, 21231, United States More Info
Noah Hahn, M.D.
Contact
443-287-2886
[email protected]
Linnea Smith-Walters
Contact
410.502.0017
[email protected]
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston Massachusetts, 02215, United States
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis Missouri, 63110, United States More Info
Kirsten Cady
Contact
314-362-7773
[email protected]
Zachary Smith, MD
Principal Investigator
Columbia University Irving Medical Center
New York New York, 10032, United States More Info
Susie Flores
Contact
212-304-6343
[email protected]
Christopher B. Anderson, MD
Principal Investigator
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill North Carolina, 27599, United States More Info
Rachel Munoz
Contact
919-445-4188
[email protected]
Marc Bjurlin, MD
Principal Investigator
Fox Chase Cancer Center
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19111, United States More Info
Tracy Kradzinski
Contact
215-728-1133
[email protected]
Daniel Geynisman, MD
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Bladder Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

186

Study ID:

NCT03317158

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


Noah Hahn, M.D.

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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