Colon Cancer Clinical Trial
A Vaccine (PolyPEPI1018 Vaccine) and TAS-102 for the Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
This phase Ib trial studies the safety and side effects of a vaccine (PolyPEPI1018 vaccine) in combination with TAS-102 in treating patients with colorectal that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic). PolyPEPI1018 peptide vaccine is used to immunize against proteins present on the surface of tumor cells. This vaccine can activate the body's immune cells, called T cells. T cells fight infections and can also kill cancer cells. TAS-102 may help block the formation of growths that may become cancer. Giving PolyPEPI1018 and TAS-102 may kill more tumor cells in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of multiple doses of colorectal cancer peptide vaccine PolyPEPI1018 (PolyPEPI1018) with trifluridine and tipiracil hydrochloride (TAS-102) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
I. To evaluate initial efficacy of PolyPEPI1018 with TAS-102 by evaluating progression free survival (PFS).
II. To evaluate initial efficacy of PolyPEPI1018 with TAS-102 by evaluating objective response rate (ORR).
III. To evaluate initial efficacy of PolyPEPI1018 with TAS-102 by evaluating duration of response (DoR).
IV. To evaluate initial efficacy of PolyPEPI1018 with TAS-102 by evaluating overall survival (OS).
I. Comparison of clinical benefit characteristics (ORR, PFS, OS or DoR) of the study with historical data of TAS-102.
II. Correlations between personal epitopes (PEPIs) identified by candidate CDx and T cell responses measured by enzyme-linked immune absorbent spot (ELISPOT).
III. To evaluate correlation between immune correlatives (T-cell responses in the blood and tumor and clinical benefit [ORR, PFS, OS or DoR]).
IV. To evaluate correlation between PEPIs/AGPs predicted by candidate CDx and clinical benefit (ORR, PFS, OS or DoR).
V. To evaluate the immunogenicity of PolyPEPI1018 by measuring both effector and memory T cell responses, VI. To evaluate immune activity of PolyPEPI1018 at tumor level (level of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes).
VII. To identify PEPIs (Personal EPItopes capable of inducing T cell responses in an individual) and AGPs (predicted number of expressed antigens likely hit by T cells) from PolyPEPI1018 in each patient.
Patients receive PolyPEPI1018 subcutaneously (SC) at 4 injection sites on days 1 and 15 and trifluridine and tipiracil hydrochloride orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-5 and 8-15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 7 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for up to 1 year.
Age >= 18 years
Histologically confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma originating from the colon or the rectum, microsatellite stable
Measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria
NOTE: Tumor lesions in a previously irradiated area are not considered measurable disease; Disease that is measurable by physical examination only is not eligible
Received =< 2 lines of prior chemotherapy regimen for mCRC
NOTE: Adjuvant therapy will not be considered a line of therapy for mCRC unless the patient had disease recurrence =< 6 months of adjuvant therapy
Provide written informed consent
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study).
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 3 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement) (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 21 days prior to registration)
Anticipated life expectancy >= 6 months
Negative urine pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only
NOTE: If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Women of childbearing potential must agree to appropriately use an effective form of contraception (failure rate of < 1% per year) while enrolled in the study and for 3 months from the last vaccination. An effective form of contraception is defined as using hormonal contraceptives or an intrauterine device combined with at least 1 of the following forms of contraception: a diaphragm, cervical cap or condom
Men must agree to use an effective form of contraception (as defined above), and not donate sperm for 3 months from the last vaccination
Willingness to provide mandatory blood and buccal swab specimens for correlative research
Willingness to provide mandatory tissue specimens for correlative research
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study). Note: During the active monitoring phase of a study
Received continuous systemic steroid treatment =< 2 weeks prior to registration
Colorectal cancer with documented high microsatellite instability (MSI H)
Pre-existing systemic autoimmune or antibody-mediated diseases or immune deficiency diseases
Central nervous system (CNS) metastases
Serious, non-healing wounds, ulcers or bone fractures
Arterial thromboembolisms or severe hemorrhages =< 6 months before registration (except bleeding tumor before tumor resection surgery)
Any of the following prior therapies:
Major surgery =< 12 weeks prior to registration or anticipation of needing such procedure during the study period
Radiation therapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
Received chronic systemic immune therapy or immunosuppressant medication other than steroids =< 6 weeks prior to registration
Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion or ascites requiring repeated drainage > once every 28 days
Participants with active malignancy (other than colorectal cancer [CRC]) or a prior malignancy =< 12 months prior to registration
EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix
Acute or subacute intestinal obstruction or history of chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases
Relevant toxicities of prior therapies must have resolved to =< grade 1, except for oxaliplatin-related neuropathy or alopecia
Participant with myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to registration or New York Heart Association Class III or IV, heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities.
Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine =< 4 weeks prior to registration or anticipation of a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
Participant has or will be participating in any of the following:
In another clinical study involving an investigational product (IP) or investigational device =< 30 days prior to registration or
Is scheduled to participate in another clinical study involving an IP or investigational device during the course of this study or
Is receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for colorectal cancer
Known hypersensitivity to any component of the investigational drug
Uncontrolled intercurrent non-cardiac illness including, but not limited to:
Ongoing or active infection
Psychiatric illness/social situations
Dyspnea at rest due to complications of advanced malignancy or other disease that requires continuous oxygen therapy
Any other conditions that would limit compliance with study requirements
Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:
Men and women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
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There is 1 Location for this study
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States
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