Colon Cancer Clinical Trial

Bioavailability of Single-dose Magnesium Salts

Summary

Magnesium plays a role in an array of critical body functions, controls normal adenosine triphosphate function, the metabolism of glucose, and cardiac muscle function, as well as the maintenance of cell membrane function. Low magnesium intakes and blood levels have been associated with a number of chronic diseases including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, vascular disease, osteoporosis, and colon cancer. Magnesium deficiency is common. In the U.S. population, nearly 4% of men and 7% of women have hypomagnesemia (typically defined as a serum concentration <0.75 mmol/L, or < 17mg/L), which has been previously shown to be associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality after 30 years of follow-up. In addition, hypomagnesemia is seen in approximately 11% of hospitalized patients and 52% of patients in coronary care units. Approximately half of the U.S. population does not currently reach the estimated average requirement (EAR) for magnesium from food. Yet magnesium deficiency is often overlooked.

Magnesium is relatively well absorbed by the gut; oral bioavailability varies from 35 to 70% and depends on a variety of factors such as the form of the magnesium salt (organic vs. inorganic), its rate and extent of uptake from the intestine into the blood, and its transfer into tissues because magnesium is primarily an intracellular cation. The absorption rate increases when dietary intake is low. In terms of the effectiveness of oral dietary supplements, bioavailability and tolerability of various formulations are important considerations. Similar bioavailability has been demonstrated between inorganic formulations (magnesium oxide vs. magnesium chloride), however some studies have shown magnesium oxide to be less bioavailable. Diarrhea and abdominal cramping are side effects that are commonly reported from oral oral supplementation. These symptoms are thought to be due to the osmotic activity of unabsorbed salts in the intestine and colon and the stimulation of gastric motility. A new picometer-ionic form of magnesium chloride, was developed to efficiently deliver stabilized magnesium ions that are similar in size to plant magnesium. Picometer magnesium is smaller in diameter than the body's cell mineral ion channels, therefore it has the potential to be completely absorbed and not cause adverse side effects in the gastrointestinal system (e.g., diarrhea). The aim of this research is to assess the bioavailability of this new picometer-ionic form of magnesium chloride by comparing its bioavailability to that of a standard magnesium oxide and magnesium citrate supplement in healthy, adult, normotensive subjects.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Age 18- 65 years
Body mass index 18 to 35 kg/m2 , body weight ≥ 110 pounds or 50 kg
All race/ethnicities and both sexes, are eligible.
Normal blood pressure (BP) ≤ 120/80 mm Hg.

Exclusion Criteria:

Participant has a diagnosis of hypertension, prehypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular or other chronic disease (e.g., cancer).
Participant has a diagnosis of hypermagnesemia (defined as a serum concentration of > 22.8 mg/L of Magnesium) (4).
Participant is already taking magnesium supplementation prior to the study or taking medications that interfere with magnesium metabolism, we are providing examples in an appendix.
Participant has concurrent use of magnesium supplements and/or other nutrient supplements that interfere with magnesium absorption (e.g., calcium supplements) within 2-wk prior the first treatment or during the course of this study.
Participant has gastrointestinal disease, hepatitis, anemia, or hepatic enzyme abnormalities.
Women subjects are currently pregnant or trying to become pregnant.
Participant has a history of hospitalization for acute illness in the previous 1 month.
Participants who do not speak English or are unable to read or fail to comprehend the informed consent form.
Participants fail to complete the full medical questionnaire reviewed with them during the initial phone call (whether it be because they refuse to answer or because they don't know/understand the questions).
Participants who have a body weight less than 110lbs (or 50kg).
Participants who have donated blood within the last month, or are currently giving blood for other clinical or research purposes.
Participants who smoke and/or use tobacco products.

Study is for people with:

Colon Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

17

Study ID:

NCT04139928

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Think Healthy Group, Inc.

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Indiana University
Bloomington Indiana, 47405, United States

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Study is for people with:

Colon Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

17

Study ID:

NCT04139928

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Think Healthy Group, Inc.

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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