Colon Cancer Clinical Trial

Helping Patients and Providers Make Better Decisions About Colorectal Cancer Screening

Summary

Precision prevention holds great promise for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening but has not been adequately explored. A patient's chance of having an advanced colorectal neoplasm (ACN), i.e. a cancer or precancerous polyp in the colon, significantly affects the comparative effectiveness of approved tests. Giving patients a decision aid with information about their risk for ACN, and giving their providers similar information, could help patients and providers decide if colonoscopy or a non-invasive test (such as the fecal immunochemical test) is more appropriate. This could improve decision making and increase uptake of CRC screening, which are the investigative team's long-term goals.

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Full Description

The research team has developed and pilot tested a decision aid and provider message that discloses the patient's current risk of ACN, based on a prediction rule developed and validated by Dr. Thomas Imperiale, a member of the study team. The Imperiale Prediction Rule uses five variables (gender, age, CRC family history, waist circumference, and smoking history) and identifies a wide range of risk for current ACN among average risk patients. For patients with "high-average" risk (22%), personalized messages in the decision aid and provider notification highlight the advantage of colonoscopy because of the likelihood of finding and removing an ACN. For patients at low risk for ACN (2% or 4%), personalized messages highlight the advantage of stool testing, due to the relatively low chance of failing to detect ACN.

The investigators' long-term goal is to increase uptake of CRC screening by informing and improving patient and provider discussion and decisions. The main objective of this project is to test whether providing patients and their providers with personalized messages about ACN risk results in higher screening uptake and higher decision quality, compared to an approach that does not utilize ACN risk.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

PATIENTS will be eligible if they are:

age 50 - 75 years
have not had a colonoscopy performed in the last 10 years, sigmoidoscopy in the last 5 years, fecal occult blood testing (FOBT or FIT) in the last year, or Cologuard in the last 3 years
have not had a colonoscopy since turning 50 years old
have a scheduled appointment with a provider who agreed to participate in the study

PROVIDERS will be eligible if they are:

a physician (MD or DO), nurse practitioner (NP), or physicians assistant (PA) practicing at a partner research site

Exclusion Criteria:

PATIENTS will be excluded if they are:

undergoing workup for symptoms consistent with CRC, such as unexplained weight loss, change in bowel habit, or rectal bleeding
have a diagnosis or medical history conferring elevated risk for CRC including a previous adenomatous polyp or CRC, inflammatory bowel disease, high-risk syndromes, or a significant family history of CRC (two or more first degree relatives (FDR) with CRC or one FDR with a CRC diagnosis prior to age 60)
are unable to speak and read English
previously participated in any research projects regarding colorectal cancer screening or colonoscopy including, but not limited to the investigators' previous studies
members of the study team will not be participating in the study; therefore, patients who have a scheduled appointment with any member of the study team will not be eligible.

PROVIDERS will be excluded if they:

do not have patients between 50 - 75 years old.

Study is for people with:

Colon Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

1300

Study ID:

NCT04683731

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

Indiana University

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Indiana University
Indianapolis Indiana, 46202, United States More Info
Karen K Schmidt, MSN
Contact
317-278-4049
[email protected]
Indiana University
Indianapolis Indiana, 46202, United States More Info
Karen K Schmidt, MSN
Contact
317-278-4049
[email protected]
Peter H Schwartz, MD, PhD
Contact
317-278-4037
[email protected]

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Colon Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

1300

Study ID:

NCT04683731

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


Indiana University

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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