Colon Cancer Clinical Trial
Testing Atorvastatin to Lower Colon Cancer Risk in Longstanding Ulcerative Colitis
This phase II trial studies the effect of atorvastatin in treating patients with ulcerative colitis who have a dominant-negative missense P53 mutation and are at risk of developing large intestinal cancer. Patients with ulcerative colitis are known to have an increased risk of developing large intestinal cancer. Better ways to control ulcerative colitis and more knowledge about how to prevent colon cancer are needed. Atorvastatin is a drug used to lower the amount of cholesterol in the blood and to prevent stroke, heart attack, and angina (chest pain). It blocks an enzyme that helps make cholesterol in the body. It also causes an increase in the breakdown of cholesterol. The information gained from this study may help doctors learn more about atorvastatin as an agent in cancer prevention, and may help to improve public health.
I. To determine the effect of atorvastatin calcium (atorvastatin) treatment on reducing the fraction of colonic epithelial cells expressing mutant p53 protein detected via immunohistochemical staining in biopsy samples of colorectal mucosa obtained during colonoscopies done before and after atorvastatin intervention and compared to placebo control.
I. Examination of the effect of atorvastatin on the levels of biomarkers including Ki-67 (cell proliferation), Waf1p21 (wild type p53 allele reactivated signal), and cleaved caspase-3 (wild type p53-induced cell apoptosis) using immunohistochemistry (IHC) approach for colorectal biopsy specimens.
II. Examination of the effect of atorvastatin on the spectrum, hotspot and load of TP53 gene mutations using next generation sequencing and droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
III. Examination of the effect of atorvastatin on the severity of histologic inflammation in colorectal biopsies using the Geboes grading system.
IV. Examination of the effect of atorvastatin on the plasma concentration of cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) for monitoring atorvastatin effect on lowering cholesterol and its correlation with the levels of biomarkers in the colorectal biopsies.
V. Examination of the effect of atorvastatin on the clinical efficacy on ulcerative colitis (UC) related symptoms using the Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity Index (i.e. the Mayo score).
VI. Will bank colorectal biopsies and blood samples and ribonucleic acid (RNA) and germline deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) for future analyses, particularly on proteomics/prenylated protein profile, cytokine/chemokine profile, inflammatory lipid-mediator profile, RNA sequencing (RNAseq) and Chaperon/Co-chaperon proteins, etc.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive atorvastatin orally (PO) once daily (QD) for 12 months. Patients also undergo colonoscopy with biopsy, and collection of blood on the trial.
ARM II: Patients receive placebo PO QD for 12 months. Patients also undergo colonoscopy with biopsy, and collection of blood on the trial.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 2 weeks.
Participants must have ulcerative colitis with > 8 years history and clinical remission (including the clinical remission for an extraintestinal manifestation/complication) confirmed by yearly surveillance endoscopy examination (Mayo grading < 3)
They must be stable on maintenance therapy with mesalamine, thiopurines or biologics for over 3 months (Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity Index [UCDAI] =< 1)
A history of segmental colon resection is allowed
UC in clinical remission, but with dysplasia-associated lesion or mass (DALM) at entry endoscope examination and DALM was completely resected by endoscopic mucosa resection, is allowed
Participants 18-70 years old (both men and women). This is the standard age range for routine ulcerative colitis surveillance in adults
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
White blood cell count within normal institutional limits or absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
Platelets >= 100,000/uL
Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits, unless known to have Gilberts syndrome
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
Creatinine =< 1.5 X institutional ULN
Plasma level of cholesterol < 240 mg/dl or LDL-C < 190 mg/dl (since cholesterol > 240 mg/dl and LDL-C > 190 mg/dl need high dose (40 - 80 mg) atorvastatin per day to control hypercholesterolemia)
For participants with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
Participants with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For participants with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
Participants on chronic suppressive antiviral therapy for herpes simplex virus (HSV) are eligible
Atorvastatin is contraindicated in pregnancy since it affects cholesterol synthesis pathway. For this reason, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) from the time of baseline pregnancy test, throughout the duration of the study, and for 1 month following cessation of study drug. Females must begin adequate contraception immediately following screening pregnancy test. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately. If she is pregnant, she will be immediately withdrawn from the study and followed until the birth of the child
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Ulcerative proctitis (since patients with ulcerative proctitis have a significantly lower risk of developing colorectal cancer [CRC] than those with pancolitis or localized UC in left colon)
Participants with medical conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the treatment intervention and colonoscopy, or limit ability to comply with therapy
Participants with pancolitis or localized UC with total Mayo score >= 3 including Mayo endoscopic sub-score < 3 are excluded
Use of corticosteroid therapy in the past 3 months due to high potential of relapse of active disease
Use of statins in the last 12 months
Use of any investigational drugs within the past 3 months
A history of high-grade dysplasia or CRC or pan/severe colitis with total proctocolectomy
History of chemotherapy within 2 years of screening
History of allergic reactions attributed to atorvastatin
Concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) with stage 4 liver fibrosis (biliary cirrhosis) and severe liver functional alteration
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant or breastfeeding participants are excluded
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive participants are excluded due to anti-retroviral therapy that affect atorvastatin effect
Children are excluded from this study since disease duration is usually < 8 years and there is no data about p53 mutation in this patient population
Current use of cyclosporine, fibrates (e.g., gemfibrozil, fenofibrate), strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitors, boceprevir, telaprevir, erythromycin, clarithromycin, telithromycin, nefazodone, or cobicistat-containing products), or strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., carbamazepine, phenytoin, rifampin, St. John's wort, bosentan, efavirenz, etravirine, modafinil, nafcillin)
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There are 3 Locations for this study
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.