Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial

Veterans Affairs Seamless Phase II/III Randomized Trial of STAndard Systemic theRapy With or Without PET-directed Local Therapy for Oligometastatic pRosTate Cancer

Summary

The primary goal of this study is to determine if adding PET-directed local therapy improves disease control compared to standard systemic therapy alone in Veterans with oligorecurrent prostate cancer on PET/CT. The investigators will conduct a multi-institutional phase II/III randomized trial comparing SST with or without PET-directed local therapy using radiation or surgery to all metastases and if a local recurrence is present.

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Full Description

Prostate Cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Veterans, comprising 30% of new cancer diagnoses in the VA. Eighty-five percent of men present with localized prostate cancer, which is typically treated with active surveillance or curative local therapy using surgery or radiation therapy. Unfortunately, twenty percent of Veterans undergoing curative local therapy will develop metastatic recurrence. These men typically receive palliative systemic hormonal therapy to control their disease. Despite this, over half of men will have cancer progression within 1-2 years and half will die within 5 years.

Two diverging paradigms have been studied in recent years to improve the survival of men with recurrent metastatic prostate cancer. First, a subset of patients has oligometastatic disease. These patients are hypothesized to have an intermediate clinical state in which ablative local therapy with surgery or radiation to all metastatic sites of disease (metastasis-directed therapy; MDT) can lead to durable disease control and potentially cure in select patients. Recent Phase II randomized trials have demonstrated improved long-term progression-free survival with MDT in the absence of systemic therapy.

Yet, 75% of patients receiving MDT for oligometastatic cancer develop progression in new areas, arguing that systemic therapy is needed to treat occult metastases. This is supported by data demonstrating that earlier palliative hormonal therapy is associated with improved survival. In fact, the second approach that has been studied in recent years, is whether escalating hormonal therapy by adding novel androgen receptor axis targeted agents or chemotherapy improves outcomes in men with metastatic prostate cancer. Multiple phase III randomized trials demonstrate that escalating hormonal therapy with these novel therapeutic agents improves progression-free survival and overall survival dramatically. Therefore, these agents have been integrated as an option into today's standard systemic therapy (SST) for metastatic prostate cancer.

Given the promise of MDT to induce long-term cancer control and the effectiveness of SST to prevent further cancer progression, there is an urgent need to determine whether adding MDT to SST improves disease outcomes further. Additionally, prior studies have excluded patients with local recurrence. However, these comprise a large proportion of Veterans with recurrent oligometastatic prostate cancer. The primary goal of our study is to determine if adding PET-directed local therapy (MDT and treatment of primary tumor [de novo] or primary tumor local recurrence on PET/CT if applicable) improves disease control compared to SST alone in Veterans with oligometastatic prostate cancer. This is a multi-institutional phase II/III randomized trial comparing SST with or without PET-directed local therapy. Other goals of the study are to determine any differences in patterns of cancer progression, survival, and quality of life. We also will determine if certain mutations present in tumor DNA can predict if Veterans will benefit from PET-directed local therapy.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Age 18 years
Ability to provide Informed Consent for participation in the study
ECOG Performance Status 2 at time of enrollment

Prostate cancer confirmed histologically or cytologically

If original documentation of histology and cytology are not available, documentation of prostate cancer satisfies these criteria

If recurrent, prior curative-intent local therapy to all sites of prostate cancer with either upfront radiotherapy or prostatectomy with or without post-operative radiotherapy. If recurrent, PSA suspicious for biochemical recurrence after local therapy, with lab value(s) taken prior to start of SST (if current SST has already started) or within 90 days prior to enrollment if not already on SST, and meeting one of the three below categories:

PSA 0.2 ng/ml x 2 after prostatectomy +/- post-operative radiotherapy
Elevation of PSA 2 ng/ml above the nadir after definitive radiotherapy
Or two consecutively elevated PSAs with evidence of metastasis on the imaging Studies.

Serum testosterone obtained prior to randomization based on one of the criteria below:

For patients who have a history of a prior episode of therapy with SST agents for prostate cancer, a total testosterone 100 ng/dl after completion of the prior episode of SST and before the start of current SST or within 30 days of starting current SST if the patient has already started SST for recurrence.
For patients who have no prior history of an episode of therapy with SST agents and have already started SST for recurrence, this pre-SST testosterone is not required.
CT or MRI abdomen/pelvis performed prior to start of SST (if current SST has already started) or within 90 days prior to enrollment if not already on SST. The results from the CT component of the PET/CT can be used to fulfill this criterion. This is optional for patients who have a PSMA PET/CT.
Technetium (Tc99m-MDP) or sodium fluoride (NaF) bone scan (sodium fluoride preferred) performed prior to start of SST (if current SST has already started), or within 90 days prior to enrollment if not already on SST. This is optional for patients who have a PSMA PET/CT FDA-approved standard of care PET/CT (currently PSMA, Fluciclovine, choline) per-formed prior to start of SST (if current SST has already started), or within 90 days prior to enrollment if not already on SST.
1-10 lesions suspicious for nodal recurrence or metastasis from prostate cancer as determined by the investigator based on the above imaging studies.

Has already undergone NPOP sequencing, or a plan is in place for NPOP sequencing for prostate cancer. For participants on SST at the time of enrollment only:

Has been on SST for 180 days. For participants with local recurrence after curative-intent local therapy on imaging: Patients with local recurrence in the prostate, SV, or prostate bed are eligible as long as there is at least 1 nodal or distant metastatic recurrence.
Biopsy must confirm local recurrence for patients who have had prior curative-intent radiation to the prostate, SV, or prostate bed.
Candidate for salvage local therapy as determined by a urologist or radiation oncologist (depending on the respective modality to be used to treat the local recurrence).
For participants with de novo prostate cancer: Candidate for prostate-directed radiation.

Exclusion Criteria:

Any current or prior evidence of castration-resistant prostate cancer, defined as two consecutive rises in serum PSA, obtained at a minimum of 1-week interval, with the final PSA value >/= 1 ng/ml, while having a total testosterone < 50 ng/dl).

Prior malignancy, except the following:

Adequately treated non-melanomatous skin cancer;
Adequately treated Stage 0, I, or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission; or
Any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for three years.
Presence of a symptomatic metastasis that requires palliative radiotherapy.
Any known brain metastases, presence of leptomeningeal disease, malignant spinal cord compression, or malignant cauda equina syndrome.
Prior nodal, bone, or visceral metastasis after curative-intent therapy other than those identified on the enrollment imaging studies which make the patient ineligible for PET-directed local therapy (per investigator discretion).
Prior radiation therapy to any sites requiring PET-directed local therapy or salvage local therapy that will lead to prohibitively high risk of toxicity from subsequent local therapy, as determined by the treating radiation oncologist (if radiation is intended as the study local therapy) or surgeon/urologist (if surgery is intended as the study local therapy).
Any other previous or current condition, which, in the judgement of the LSI, is likely to interfere with any STARPORT treatments or assessments.

Study is for people with:

Prostate Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

464

Study ID:

NCT04787744

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

VA Office of Research and Development

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There are 18 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

VA Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA
Long Beach California, 90822, United States More Info
Robert Kwon, MD
Contact
562-826-5606
[email protected]
VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, West Los Angeles, CA
West Los Angeles California, 90073, United States More Info
Nicholas Nickols, MD
Contact
310-478-3711
[email protected]
Bay Pines VA Healthcare System, Pay Pines, FL
Bay Pines Florida, 33744, United States More Info
Ryan Burri, MD
Contact
727-398-6661
[email protected]
Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, IL
Hines Illinois, 60141, United States More Info
Abhishek Solanki, MD MS
Contact
708-202-8387
[email protected]
Abhishek Solanki, MD MS
Principal Investigator
Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN
Indianapolis Indiana, 46202, United States More Info
Ronald Shapiro, MD
Contact
317-988-3652
[email protected]
Baltimore VA Medical Center VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, MD
Baltimore Maryland, 21201, United States More Info
Christine Bang, MD
Contact
[email protected]
VA Boston Healthcare System Jamaica Plain Campus, Jamaica Plain, MA
Boston Massachusetts, 02130, United States More Info
Sonny Batra, MD
Contact
857-404-1215
[email protected]
VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI
Ann Arbor Michigan, 48105, United States More Info
David Elliot, MD
Contact
734-845-3914
[email protected]
Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN
Minneapolis Minnesota, 55417, United States More Info
William Stross, MD
Contact
[email protected]
Kansas City VA Medical Center, Kansas City, MO
Kansas City Missouri, 64128, United States More Info
John Park, MD
Contact
816-922-2880
[email protected]
East Orange Campus of the VA New Jersey Health Care System, East Orange, NJ
East Orange New Jersey, 07018, United States More Info
Nisha Word, MD
Contact
973-676-1000
[email protected]
Manhattan Campus of the VA NY Harbor Healthcare System, New York, NY
New York New York, 10010, United States More Info
Victor Adorno-Febles, MD
Contact
212-686-4604
[email protected]
Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC
Durham North Carolina, 27705, United States More Info
Rhonda Bitting, MD
Contact
415-516-8256
[email protected]
Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH
Cleveland Ohio, 44106, United States More Info
Aryavarta Kumar, MD
Contact
216-536-1201
[email protected]
Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19104, United States More Info
Yu-Ning Wong, MD
Contact
215-823-5900
[email protected]
Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX
Houston Texas, 77030, United States More Info
Albert Chen, MD
Contact
713-794-7190
[email protected]
Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center, Richmond, VA
Richmond Virginia, 23249, United States More Info
Hann-Hsiang Chao, MD
Contact
804-675-5000
[email protected]
Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI
Milwaukee Wisconsin, 53295, United States More Info
Lindsay Puckett, MD
Contact
414-384-2000
[email protected]

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Prostate Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

464

Study ID:

NCT04787744

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


VA Office of Research and Development

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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