Melanoma Clinical Trial
Propranolol Hydrochloride and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Stage IIIC-IV Melanoma That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
This phase Ib/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of propranolol hydrochloride when given together with pembrolizumab and how well they work in treating patients with stage IIIC-IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery. Pembrolizumab is a monoclonal antibody that "takes the brakes off the immune system" and thus allows for anti-tumor immune responses. Propranolol hydrochloride is a beta adrenergic blocking agent that can enhance immune cell responses when under stress. Giving propranolol hydrochloride and pembrolizumab may work better in treating patients with melanoma.
I. To determine dose limiting toxicities (DLT) of propranolol hydrochloride (propranolol) in combination with fixed dose pembrolizumab in the treatment of melanoma.
II. To evaluate the efficacy of pembrolizumab in combination with propranolol in patients with melanoma, as determined by overall response rate (ORR) per immune-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) (1).
I. To evaluate the efficacy of pembrolizumab in combination with propranolol in patients with melanoma, as determined by secondary measures of efficacy, including: progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).
I. To correlate baseline or changes in the levels of biomarkers, like, peripheral T-cell subsets/myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC)/cytokines/urinary catecholamine and perceived stress scale (PSS) with efficacy (ORR, PFS, OS) in melanoma patients treated with pembrolizumab and propranolol.
OUTLINE: This is a phase Ib, dose-escalation study of propranolol hydrochloride followed by a phase II study.
Patients receive propranolol hydrochloride orally (PO) twice daily (BID) and pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes of day 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, every 3 months for 6 months, and then every 6 months thereafter.
Participants must be newly diagnosed, treatment-naive with histologically confirmed stage IIIC unresectable melanoma or stage IV melanoma
Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
Available archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) from a prior biopsy or, participant must be willing to have a tissue biopsy taken at a clinic visit prior to start of study treatment
Have measurable disease per irRECIST v1.1
Ability to swallow and retain oral medication
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/uL
Hemoglobin (Hb) >= 9 g/dL
Platelet count >= 100, 000/uL
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (upper limit of normal) - unless patient has Gilbert's syndrome
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2 x ULN
If the patient has liver metastasis AST and ALT less than or greater to 5x ULN
Serum or plasma (based on site's SOP) creatinine < 2 x ULN
Participants of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at study entry and then agree to use adequate contraceptive methods (e.g., hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
Participant must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study related procedure
Participants who have received previous immunotherapy for any cancer (excluding melanoma) including PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors but not interferons and CTLA-4 inhibitors
Participants with chronic autoimmune diseases
Participants that are already on non-selective B-AR blockers for various indications. Patients on selective beta-blockers are considered eligible for enrollment with a caveat that their clinician prescribing the beta-blocker is willing to discontinue their selective beta-blocker in order to transition to propranolol at the specified protocol dose.
Participants with symptomatic known brain metastases < 4 weeks from radiation treatment should be excluded from this clinical trial
Other invasive cancers diagnosed < 3 years back that required systemic treatment. If diagnosed with other invasive cancer >=3 years, should have complete recovery from all systemic toxicity except neuropathy and alopecia
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant or nursing female participants, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test
Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements
Any condition which in the investigator's opinion deems the participant an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug
Other active non-melanoma metastatic cancers
Contraindications to the use of beta-blockers, like, uncontrolled depression, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled heart failure (grade III or IV), hypotension (systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg), bradycardia (resting heart rate <55bpm), severe asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), uncontrolled type I or type II diabetes mellitus (glycosylated hemoglobin [HbA1C] > 8.5 or fasting plasma glucose > 160 mg/dl at screening), symptomatic peripheral arterial disease or Raynaud's syndrome, untreated pheochromocytoma, current use or past use in the last two years of non-selective beta-blockers or non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers. Patients on selective beta blockers will be eligible for enrollment only under the condition that their prescribing clinician is willing to discontinue their selective beta blocker in order to begin propranolol and only at the specified dose (after which time the patient is not to be started on any non-selective beta-blockers or non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers)
Patient is currently receiving or has received systemic corticosteroids (=< 2 weeks prior to starting study drug, or who have not fully recovered from side effects of such treatment)
Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior to the first dose of the study drug
Has received a live vaccine or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment and while participating in the trial. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster, yellow fever, rabies, BCG, and typhoid vaccine. Administration of killed vaccines is allowed.
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