Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Vosaroxin and Infusional Cytarabine in Treating Patients With Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase II trial studies how well vosaroxin and cytarabine work in treating patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vosaroxin and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.
I. To assess the rate of complete remission (CR) after induction therapy with the combination of "7+V" (vosaroxin and standard dose infusional cytosine arabinoside [ara-C]) for patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
I. Frequency of grade 3-5 adverse events related to administration of "7+V".
II. To evaluate for the presence of minimal residual disease (MRD) remaining after "7+V" induction and/or re-induction.
III. To determine the CR/CR with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi) rate after one and/or 2 cycles of "7+V" induction.
IV. To determine the time to neutrophil and platelet recovery following "7+V" induction.
V. To assess disease-free survival (DFS) at 1 year (yr) of patients achieving CR/CRi after "7+V" induction.
VI. To assess overall survival (OS) at 1 yr of all patients receiving protocol-defined therapy.
VII. To determine the correlation of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) comorbidity index and Wheatley Index scores with disease response, DFS and OS.
I. To describe the mutational burden of this cohort of AML patients.
II. To correlate genomic aberration with response rate, DFS, and OS.
III. To determine the number of patients treated with vosaroxin who eventually go to allogeneic HSCT.
Patients receive vosaroxin intravenously (IV) on days 1 and 4 and cytarabine IV continuously on days 1-7 (Induction-I). Patients with residual leukemia and for whom a second course is indicated in the judgment of the investigator may undergo a second course of treatment (Induction-II) 14-57 days after day 1 of Induction-1
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year.
Ability to provide informed consent
Ability to tolerate intensive therapy with vosaroxin 90 mg/m^2 and cytarabine
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 at time of study entry
Morphologically confirmed new diagnosis of AML in accordance with World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria
Patients who have received hydroxyurea alone or have previously received "non-cytotoxic" therapies for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) (e.g., thalidomide or lenalidomide, 5-azacytidine or decitabine, histone deacetylase inhibitors, low-dose Cytoxan, tyrosine kinase or dual tyrosine kinase [TK]/SRC proto-oncogene, non-receptor tyrosine kinase [src] inhibitors) will be allowed
Serum creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dL
Hepatic enzymes (alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal unless clearly related to Gilbert's disease, hemolysis or leukemic infiltrate
FOR PATIENTS IN STAGE 1 (PATIENTS #1-#17)
>= 55 years of age with AML of any risk classification, or 18-54 years of age with high-risk AML disease based on one of the following:
Antecedent hematologic disorder including myelodysplasia (MDS)-related AML (MDS/AML) and prior myeloproliferative disorder (MPD)
Treatment-related myeloid neoplasms (t-AML/t-MDS)
AML with FLT3-ITD
AML with multilineage dysplasia (AML-MLD)
Adverse cytogenetics (defined as -5/-5q; -7/-7q; abnormal 3q, 9q, 11q, 20q, 21q or 17p; t(6;9); t(9;22); trisomy 8; trisomy 13; trisomy 21; complex karyotypes (>= 3 clonal abnormalities); monosomal karyotypes
FOR PATIENTS IN STAGE 2 (ENROLLED PATIENT #18 AND BEYOND)
>= 55 years of age with AML of any risk classification, or 18-54 years of age with intermediate or high risk AML as defined by National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) risk assignment
STAGES 1 AND 2
Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) as diagnosed by morphologic criteria, flow cytometric characteristics, and rapid cytogenetics or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or molecular testing
Any previous treatment with vosaroxin
Concomitant chemotherapy, radiation therapy
For patients with hyperleukocytosis with > 50,000 blasts/μL; leukapheresis or hydroxyurea may be used prior to study drug administration for cytoreduction at the discretion of the treating physician
Active, uncontrolled infection
Patients with infection under active treatment and controlled with antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals are eligible
Chronic hepatitis is acceptable
Active, uncontrolled graft vs. host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic transplant for non-AML condition (e.g. MDS, lymphoid malignancy, aplastic anemia); patients with GVHD controlled on stable doses of immunosuppressants are eligible
Presence of other life-threatening illness
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% as measured by echocardiogram or multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
Known or suspected central nervous system (CNS) involvement of active AML
Other active malignancies including other hematologic malignancies or other malignancies within 12 months before randomization, except nonmelanoma skin cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
History of myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack (CVA/TIA) within 3 months before randomization
Prior or current therapy:
Hydroxyurea or medications to reduce blast count within 24 hours before randomization
Treatment with an investigational product within 14 days before randomization, or not recovered from all acute effects of previously administered investigational products
Renal insufficiency requiring hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
Pregnant or breastfeeding
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity
Any other medical, psychological, or social condition that may interfere with study participation or compliance, or compromise patient safety in the opinion of the investigator or medical monitor
ADDITIONAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA APPLIED TO STAGE 1
Patients 18-54 years of age with "good risk" AML defined as the presence of t(8;21), inv(16), or t(16;16) as diagnosed by morphologic criteria, flow cytometric characteristics, and rapid cytogenetics or FISH
Patients with t(8;21), inv(16), t(16;16) who are unable to receive anthracycline based induction will be allowed to enroll provided the medical reason they are unable to receive anthracyclines is clearly documented and provided they fulfill all other eligibility and criteria
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There are 3 Locations for this study
New Haven Connecticut, 06520, United States
Charleston South Carolina, 29425, United States
Nashville Tennessee, 37232, United States
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.