Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Clinical Trial
Pyrimethamine for the Treatment of Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
In this research study we will start by looking for the highest dose of pyrimethamine that can be given safely to leukemia-cll/" >CLL patients without severe or unmanageable side effects. This dose will then be used for a larger Phase II study to assess the efficacy of pyrimethamine for the treatment of CLL/SLL. Pyrimethamine is an antibiotic that is used for the treatment of certain infections. Previous research studies have shown that pyrimethamine may target a protein in tumor cells, called STAT3, which may be important for the growth of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) cells. Pyrimethamine can kill CLL/SLL cells in the laboratory, and we are therefore undertaking this study to assess whether pyrimethamine will result in clinical benefit or tumor responses in CLL in patients.
Participants will be required to enroll in DFCI Protocol 99-224, the CLL Research Consortium Tissue Bank, and DFCI Protocol 01-206, Tissue and Data Collection for Research Studies in Patients with Hematologic Malignancies, Bone Marrow Disorders, and Normal Donors, or may have blood banked for future use.
Each treatment cycle lasts 28 days during which time participants will take pyrimethamine orally once per day. Since we are looking for the highest dose of the study drug that can be administered safely without severe or unmanageable side effects, not everyone who participates will receive the same dose of study drug.
The following tests and procedures will be performed at specific time points during participation in the study: Physical exam, vital signs, blood tests and bone marrow biopsy. The participant's tumor will be assessed by CT scans of the chest, abdomen and pelvis prior to the start of the study and at the end of the 1st, 3rd and 6th months.
Participants can continue to receive pyrimethamine as long as they do not have side effects and their disease does not worsen.
Diagnosed with CLL/SLL based on the standard histologic and immunophenotypic criteria described in the WHO classification of lymphoid malignancies, including immunophenotypic confirmation that the tumor cells co-express B cell antigens CD19/20 and CD5. Mantle cell lymphoma should be excluded based on positive staining of the tumor cells for CD23, or the absence of staining of the tumor cells for cyclin D1 or the absence of t(11;14). This diagnosis should be confirmed at a Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center institution within approximately one month after the subject is registered.
Measurable disease, defined as lymphocytosis > 5,000/uL, or at least one palpable or CT measurable lesion > approximately 1.5cm, or bone marrow involvement > approximately 30%
Relapsed after at least one prior purine analogue-containing regimen, or at least two non-purine analogue containing regimens
18 years of age or older
Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2
Normal organ function as outlined in the protocol
Require treatment based on IWCLL 2008 criteria
Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation.
Chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from clinically significant adverse events due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier.
May not be receiving any other study agents
Known CNS involvement with CLL
History of allergic reactions or sensitivity to pyrimethamine
Patients taking folic acid are eligible if the folic acid is discontinued prior to pyrimethamine administration and not taken for the duration of time enrolled on this study
Prior allogeneic SCT is an exclusion only if the subject has active graft vs. host disease or requires immunosuppression other than a constant stable dose of glucocorticoids
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness
Pregnant or breastfeeding women
HIV-positive individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy
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There is 1 Location for this study
Boston Massachusetts, 02115, United States
Boston Massachusetts, 02115, United States
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