Heart Failure Clinical Trial
Self-management Adherence in Heart Failure Patients
Non-adherence to self-management behaviors is prevalent and accounts for hospital readmissions in heart failure (HF) patients 65 years of age and older. The mechanism to activate and engage HF patients in managing their own care is uncertain. Yet post-acute care service that is vital to improve HF patients' self-management adherence and HF outcomes is suboptimal in rural hospitals (primarily critical access hospitals). The investigators central hypothesis is that patients with higher activation level will have significantly better self-management adherence. This study will test whether Patient AcTivated Care at Home (PATCH) will improve self-management adherence and health outcome (reduced hospital readmissions), as well as the feasibility to translate the research findings to a home based post-acute care service in rural communities.
Heart failure (HF) is among the most prevalent chronic conditions and leading cause of hospital readmission in adults 65 years of age and older. HF patients discharged from rural critical access hospitals (CAHs) had higher 30-day readmission rates compared to patients discharged from urban hospitals. Adhering to recommended self-management behaviors improves HF patients' health outcomes and reduces readmissions; however, the prevalence of adherence is low in HF patients. In rural communities, low adherence can be attributed to the fact that rural HF patients received less information about managing their chronic condition based on the investigators preliminary study. Previous studies reported inconsistent findings regarding the effectiveness of interventions designed to improve self-management adherence. The feasibility of these interventions in rural settings is unknown. Therefore, innovative programs are needed to identify the intervention to enhance self-management adherence in HF patients living in rural communities. The purpose of this prospective, two-group, repeated measures, randomized control trial is to test the efficacy and feasibility of a 12-week activation-enhancing intervention (Patient AcTivated Care at Home [PATCH]) on self-management adherence and health outcome (readmission rates) in HF patients discharged from rural hospitals (critical access hospitals). A sample size of 96 subjects with heart failure will be recruited over 14 month period. Both intervention and control groups will receive usual care. The intervention group will additionally receive 2-phase PATCH intervention: the in-hospital discharge education session (Phase I) and 12-week post-discharge education sessions delivered by telephone (Phase II). The tailored strategies are developed to activate patients engaging in self-management behaviors based on their baseline activation level. The investigators central hypothesis, based upon their preliminary data, is that patients with higher activation level will have significantly better self-management adherence. The investigators will test their hypothesis with the following Specific Aims: To evaluate the effects of the patient activation intervention on self-management adherence (Aim 1) and hospital readmissions (Aim 2) over time. To evaluate the mechanism of the patient activation intervention (Aim 3). To evaluate the feasibility of the PATCH intervention (Aim 4). The PATCH intervention is innovative because: 1) it translates patient activation theory into intervention strategies to improve self-management in a vulnerable population (rural heart failure patients living in rural community), 2) it tests the mechanism of patient activation on self-management adherence; 3) it uses the rural nursing theory to guide developing a sustainable intervention program in rural communities; and 4) it evaluates a biomarker collected by a single urine test as the indicator of self-management adherence in HF patients. This study will impact the management of heart failure by adding knowledge about the mechanism to improve self-management adherence in heart failure patient living in rural communities. Long term adherence to the recommended self-management behaviors is the foundation to realize health benefit and reduce burden on patients, their family and the healthcare system.
have HF as one of their discharge diagnoses;
have New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II to IV symptoms or have NYHA class I symptoms
have had at least one other HF-related hospitalization or emergency department visit in the previous year;
are discharged to home;
pass a mini-cog screen
have access to a phone.
Have scheduled procedures and/or surgeries during hospitalization;
Have depressive symptoms (receive a score of 3 or above on the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) have documented medical diagnosis or diagnostic evidence of liver cirrhosis;
Have renal failure (serum creatinine greater than 2.0mg/dl)
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There are 2 Locations for this study
Beatrice Nebraska, 68310, United States
Fairbury Nebraska, 68352, United States
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.