Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
A Phase 3, Controlled, Open-label, Global Randomized Study of RRx-001 With a Platinum Doublet or a Platinum Doublet in Small Cell Lung Cancer
This Global Phase 3 study aims to find out whether RRx-001 + platinum chemotherapy is more effective than platinum chemotherapy alone in 3rd line or beyond small cell cancer.
Small cell cancer (SCC), which mostly arises in the lungs but also in other parts of the body as well such as the prostate and the intestines, is one of the most aggressive forms of cancer; in fact, SCC is so aggressive that in 2012 Congress designated it a recalcitrant or difficult-to-treat cancer, along with pancreatic cancer and glioblastoma or GBM, a primary tumor of the brain, which share the terrible "distinction" of having a 5 year survival rate less than 50%.
One of the main reasons that SCC is so recalcitrant or difficult-to-treat has to do with the development of resistance. Almost all cancers (and SCC is no exception) are treated according to lines of therapy. A line of therapy is a particular course of treatment or treatment regimen. So, in SCC, the first line of treatment is a platinum doublet, with the word doublet meaning two, and consists of the double chemotherapy regimen of cisplatin or carboplatin + etoposide. Most patients initially respond well to the platinum doublet but unavoidably, as a matter of course, resistance to treatment develops and, with that development, a new treatment in second line is started. The same pattern is followed in later lines of therapy: resistance in second line leads to the start of another treatment in 3rd line, and with resistance in 3rd line, which is, unfortunately, just as inevitable, and usually happens even sooner, since the later the line of therapy the more aggressive the tumor, a 4th line treatment is started and so on and so forth until, eventually, no lines of treatment are left. The implicit or unwritten rule in cancer therapy is that once resistance occurs on a particular treatment that same treatment is never reintroduced or restarted.
RRx-001 is a form of immunotherapy that has the potential to overturn this unwritten rule by sensitizing tumors, in other words, by making them more sensitive to the platinum doublet that they received in first line. This is very important because, as previously stated, the platinum doublet is usually the most effective therapy, so it is a benefit to patients if sensitivity to the platinum doublet is restored or increased (even in cases where no response ever occurred) and now they respond as if they were in 1st line rather than in 3rd line or beyond.
In this study, which is called REPLATINUM, because patients will be reintroduced to or restarted on a platinum doublet, there is a 50% chance of receiving either RRx-001 + platinum doublet in Arm 1 or a platinum doublet without RRx-001 in Arm 2. However, patients in arm 2 whose cancer progresses or gets worse (as determined by imaging scans), have the opportunity to "cross-over" to Arm 1 and receive RRx-001 + platinum doublet until such time as their cancer progresses. In this way, all patients, even those on Arm 2, are potentially eligible to be treated with RRx-001.
Age ≥ 18 and ≤ 80 years
Prior platinum treatment is required
Prior treatment with a checkpoint inhibitor is required unless contraindicated.
Patient must have received at least 2 prior lines of therapy
Biopsy confirmation of small cell lung cancer
Capable of providing informed consent and complying with trial procedures
Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1. Measurable lesions will be confirmed by imaging (CT scan)
Performance Status (ECOG) 0-2
Symptomatic central nervous system metastases or neurologically unstable patients that are on increasing steroid dose.
The presence of another primary malignancy (excluding in situ of the cervix or basal carcinoma of the skin)
Treatment of SCLC with any antineoplastic agent with the exception of steroids.
Patients with clinically significant illnesses which would compromise participation in the study, including, but not limited to active or uncontrolled infection, immune deficiencies, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, certain heart conditions, or mental illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
History of an allergic reaction to previously received platinum-based regimen, or history of having to discontinue previously received platinum-based regimen secondary to toxicity (excluding hematologic toxicity)
Any clinical laboratory findings, which give reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of any study medication or renders the patient at high risk from treatment
Uncontrolled or symptomatic pleural or pericardial effusion
Pregnant or nursing. There is a potential for congenital abnormalities and for this regimen to harm nursing infants
Virologic, serologic, or clinical evidence of active SARS-CoV-2 infection
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There are 6 Locations for this study
Tampa Florida, 33612, United States
Chicago Illinois, 60612, United States
Topeka Kansas, 66606, United States
Westwood Kansas, 66205, United States
Omaha Nebraska, 68124, United States
Oklahoma City Oklahoma, 73104, United States
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