Lung Cancer Clinical Trial

Feasibility of Cell-Free DNA Liquid Biopsy in Screening High-Risk Patients for Lung Cancer

Summary

This clinical trial investigates how practical and doable (feasibility) cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) liquid biopsy is in screening high-risk patients for lung cancer. Currently, a low dose computed tomography (CT) scan is used to screen for lung cancer, however, due to various factors, few high-risk patients are screened. Liquid biopsy utilizes technology that can detect small amounts of DNA shed by cancer cells and may be able to spot lung cancer at an earlier stage. If a positive result comes back from the liquid biopsy, a patient may be more willing to get a low dose CT (LDCT) scan, possibly confirming the biopsy's findings and thus leading to more early lung cancer detection.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the feasibility of lung cancer screening using liquid biopsy in a community setting.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine screening follow-through rates in those who agreed to undergo screening by preferred modality (liquid biopsy versus [vs] LDCT).

II. To determine the rate of LDCT following liquid biopsy (in those who underwent liquid biopsy) after stratifying by test result (negative versus positive).

III. To compare participant sociodemographic factors (age, sex, race/ethnicity, educational background) and survey scores across screening preference (liquid biopsy vs. LDCT).

OUTLINE: Participants choose 1 of 2 cohorts.

COHORT A: Participants undergo collection of blood sample (liquid biopsy), with option to undergo LDCT if liquid biopsy results are positive.

COHORT B: Participants undergo low dose CT with optional liquid biopsy on the same day as LDCT.

After completion of study, patients are followed up at 6 months.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Documented written informed consent of the participant.
Age 50-80 years.
Smoking history of >= 20 pack-years and if quit, quit within 15 years.
Received referral for counseling for lung cancer screening and would qualify for LDCT.
Health Insurance that will pay for a LDCT for lung cancer screening at either City of Hope Duarte, Newport Beach (Newport Diagnostic Imaging), or Lancaster (Renaissance Imaging/Antelope Valley Outpatient Imaging Center).
Willingness to provide blood sample.
English speaking.
Consent to undergo lung cancer screening with either liquid biopsy (LB) or LDCT.

Exclusion Criteria:

Symptoms of lung cancer.
Chest CT scan or chest positron emission tomography (PET)/CT within 12 months.
Any cancer diagnosis within past 5 years, excluding non-melanoma skin cancer.
Unable to undergo LDCT at either City of Hope Duarte, Newport Beach, or Lancaster.

Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

108

Study ID:

NCT05384769

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

City of Hope Medical Center

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There is 1 Location for this study

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City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte California, 91010, United States More Info
Dan Raz
Principal Investigator

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Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

108

Study ID:

NCT05384769

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


City of Hope Medical Center

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