Multiple Myeloma Clinical Trial
CART-BCMA/CS1 in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
This phase I trial studies the side effects and how well CART-BCMA/CS1 works in treating patients with multiple myeloma (MM) that has come back (relapsed) or that does not respond to treatment (refractory). Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a type of treatment in which a patient's T cells (a type of immune system cell) are changed in the laboratory so they will attack cancer cells. T cells are taken from a patient's blood. Then the gene for a special receptor that binds to a certain protein on the patient's cancer cells is added to the T cells in the laboratory. The special receptor is called a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR). Large numbers of the CAR T cells are grown in the laboratory and given to the patient by infusion for treatment of certain cancers, including MM. Immune cells can be engineered to kill MM cells by inserting a piece of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) into the immune cells using a lentiviral vector, that allows them to recognize MM cells.
CART-BCMA cells are such modified T cells that target markers called CS1 or B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), which is expressed by a type of white blood cell called a "B-cell", which are cells that may help the MM cells grow. These engineered CART-BCMA/CS1 cells may kill MM cells.
I. To evaluate the safety of CART-BCMA/CS1 cells in patients with R/R MM for determination of a recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D).
I. To describe the overall adverse event profile of CART-BCMA/CS1 cells. II. To investigate the efficacy of CART-BCMA/CS1 cells. III. To evaluate the persistence of CART-BCMA/CS1 cells.
I. To characterize the cytokine environment following CART-BCMA/CS1 cell infusion and to evaluate changes in the setting of CRS.
II. To evaluate changes in T-cell subsets and function following CART-BCMA/CS1 cell infusion.
III. To examine the change in expression of BCMA and CS1 on clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow and/or extramedullary disease after CART-BCMA/CS1 cell treatment.
IV. To evaluate for plasma-cell aplasia.
OUTLINE: This is a first-in-human, phase I, single-arm, open-label, dose-escalation study.
Patients undergo leukapheresis 35 to 21 days before Infusion Day (I-Day -35 to I-Day -21) and receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on I-Days -5, -4, and -3. Patients then receive the CART-BCMA/CS1 infusion IV on I-Day -0 on study. Patients undergo echocardiography (ECHO), electrocardiogram (ECG), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during screening. Patients undergo bone marrow biopsy and/or bone marrow aspirate screening, between I-Day -28 to I-Day -5, I-Day 30, and at 1 year post CART-BCMA/CS1 infusion. Patients also undergo fluorodeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) during screening, between I-Day -28 to I-Day -5, I-Day 90 and I-Day 180 and every 3 months thereafter.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months until 5 years, then annually for 15 years.
Diagnosis of multiple myeloma relapsed or refractory after at least three prior lines of therapy, including:
A proteasome inhibitor and immunomodulatory agent either alone or in combination
Anti-CD38 (Cluster of Differentiation 38) directed therapy
Patients previously treated with anti-BCMA directed therapy are allowed onto the study. Patients must not have a history of grade > 3 CRS or grade >= 3 immune effector cell associated neurotoxicity (ICANS) with prior anti-BCMA therapy
Patients must have measurable MM as defined by at least one of the criteria below:
Serum M-protein >= 0.5 g/dl (5 g/L)
Urine M-protein >= 200 mg/24 h
Serum free light chain (FLC) assay: involved FLC level >= 10 mg/dl (100 mg/l) provided serum FLC ratio is abnormal
A biopsy-proven plasmacytoma
Age >= 18 years old and =< 74 years old
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1 x 10^9 cells/L. Granulocyte colony stimulating factor is permitted (within 30 days prior to enrollment using standard phase I criteria for organ function)
Platelets >= 50 x 10^9/L. Without transfusion, growth factors may be used to achieve eligibility criteria (within 30 days prior to enrollment using standard phase I criteria for organ function)
Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (with or without transfusion) (within 30 days prior to enrollment using standard phase I criteria for organ function)
Aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST, ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 30 days prior to enrollment using standard phase I criteria for organ function)
Total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN (except patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome) (Within 30 days prior to enrollment using standard phase I criteria for organ function)
Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min (within 30 days prior to enrollment using standard phase I criteria for organ function)
Must be willing and able to accept at least one leukapheresis procedure
Must be willing and able to provide written informed consent
Inability to purify >= 5 x 10^8 CD62L-enriched cells from leukapheresis product
Previously known hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study; known sensitivity to cyclophosphamide or fludarabine
Received systemic treatment for multiple myeloma, including immunotherapy, within 14 days prior to initiation of lymphodepletion chemotherapy administration within this protocol. Consistent with current trials, patients may otherwise be given bridging therapy at the discretion of the lead study investigator
Prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation within 12 weeks prior to enrollment. Patients who have received an autologous transplant over 12 weeks from enrollment will not be excluded and may participate in the trial
Potential requirement for systemic corticosteroids or concurrent immunosuppressive drugs based on prior history or having received systemic steroids within the last 2 weeks prior to enrollment (inhaled or topical steroids at standard doses are allowed)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity or other congenital or acquired immune deficiency state, which would increase the risk of opportunistic infections and other complications during chemotherapy-induced lymphodepletion. If there is a positive result in the infectious disease testing that was not previously known, the patient will be referred to their primary physician and/or infectious disease specialist
Hepatitis B or C seropositivity with evidence of ongoing liver damage, which would increase the likelihood of hepatic toxicities from the lymphodepletion chemotherapy regimen and supportive treatments. Patients with hepatitis C seropositive disease but undetectable hepatic C virus (HCV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) viral load will be allowed in the trial. Patients with B seropositivity on antiviral therapy will be allowed in the trial
Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent and compliance with the requirements of this protocol
Known clinically active central nervous system involvement (CNS). Prior evidence of CNS involvement successfully treated will not be an exclusion for participation as long as they are deemed under control at the time of study enrollment and there are no neurological signs of potential CNS involvement. A brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan taken within 8 weeks of lymphodepletion may be used, otherwise a brain MRI must be performed to confirm absence of CNS involvement
Oxygen saturation of =< 92% on room air
A left ventricular ejection fraction =< 45%
Pregnancy or breast-feeding. Female patients must be surgically sterile or be postmenopausal for two years or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of treatment and for 6 months afterwards. All female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum/urine) at screening and again within 14 days from starting the lymphodepletion chemotherapy. The definition of effective contraception will be based on the judgment of the study investigators. Patients who are breastfeeding are not allowed on this study
History of other malignancy in the past 3 years with the following exceptions:
Malignancy treated with curative intent and no known active disease
Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer without evidence of disease
Adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
Adequately treated breast ductile carcinoma without evidence of disease
Prostate cancer with a Gleason score less than 6 with undetectable prostate specific antigen over 12 months
Adequately treated urothelial non-invasive carcinoma or carcinoma in situ
Similar neoplastic conditions with an expectation of greater than 95% disease free survival
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There is 1 Location for this study
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.