Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
NKTR-255 in Combination With CAR-T Cell Therapy for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Large B-cell Lymphoma
This phase Ib trial studies the effects of NKTR-255 in combination with chimeric antigen (CAR)-T cell therapy and to see how well they work in treating patients with large B-cell lymphoma that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). NKTR-255 is an investigational IL-15 receptor agonist designed to boost the immune system's natural ability to fight cancer. T cells are infection fighting blood cells that can kill tumor cells. Lisocabtagene maraleucel is a CAR-T cell product that consists of genetically engineered T cells, modified to recognize CD19, a protein on the surface of cancer cells. These CD19-specific T cells may help the body's immune system identify and kill CD19-positive cancer cells. Giving NKTR-255 together with lisocabtagene maraleucel may work better in treating large B-cell lymphoma than either drug alone.
Patients receive standard of care lymphodepletion therapy consisting of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine on days -5 to -3 followed by liso-cel CAR-T cell infusion on day 0. Patients then receive NKTR-255 intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes every 3 weeks starting on day 10 or 14 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 30 days for 3 months, then every 3 months up to 12 months after the CAR-T cell infusion.
Adult subjects with relapsed/refractory (R/R) large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) receiving liso-cel
Male or female >= 18 years of age at the time of consent
Patients with LBCL (including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma [DLBCL] not otherwise specified [including DLBCL arising from indolent lymphoma], high-grade B-cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma grade 3B) with a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved indication for treatment with liso-cel
Fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG)-avid disease on positron emission tomography (PET) imaging or pathology evidence of active disease
Evidence of CD19 expression on any prior or current tumor specimen or a high likelihood of CD19 expression based on disease histology
Karnofsky performance status >= 60%
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000 cells/mm^3 in the absence of bone marrow involvement by lymphoma
Platelets >= 50,000 cells/mm^3 in the absence of bone marrow involvement by lymphoma
Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL in the absence of bone marrow involvement by lymphoma
Calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft/Gault) > 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN (or < 5 x ULN for subjects with lymphomatous infiltration of the liver)
Total bilirubin =< 2 (or < 3.0 for subjects with Gilbert's syndrome or lymphomatous infiltration of the liver)
Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade =< 1 dyspnea
Saturation of oxygen (Sa02) >= 92% on room air
Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam should undergo pulmonary function testing and must have a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) of >= 50% of predicted value
Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam should undergo pulmonary function testing and must have a diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO; corrected) >= 40% of predicted value
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 40% as assessed by echocardiogram or multiple uptake gated acquisition (MUGA)
Patients with Fridericia's corrected QT interval (QTcF) > 450 ms for men and > 470 ms for women will require clearance by a cardiologist
Women of reproductive potential (defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant) must agree to use suitable methods of contraception for 1 month after the last dose of study therapy (NKTR-255)
Males who have partners of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective barrier contraceptive method for 1 month after the last dose of study therapy (NKTR-255)
Ability to understand and provide informed consent
Able and willing to comply with study visit schedule and procedures, including tumor biopsy where feasible and with acceptable risk
Planned use of therapeutic doses of corticosteroids (> 20 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) or other systemic immunosuppression within 7 days prior to leukapheresis or within 72 hours prior to liso-cel infusion. Topical and/or inhaled steroids are permitted
Prior treatment with any CD19 CAR-T cell therapy
For allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients, active graft versus host disease (GVHD) and/or systemic GVHD therapy within 30 days prior to planned leukapheresis
Known active hepatitis B (detectable hepatitis B deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]) or hepatitis C (detectable hepatitis C ribonucleic acid [RNA])
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Pregnant or breastfeeding women
Prior treatment with any IL-2 or IL-15 agonist and/or biosimilar agents
Active autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease], celiac disease, or other serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, autoimmune vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis], myasthenia gravis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc.) within 1 year prior to the planned start of treatment. The following are exceptions to this criterion:
Hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment.
Conditions considered to be low risk of serious deterioration by the principal investigator (PI).
History of any one of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months: class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA), cardiac angioplasty or stenting, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina; unless clearance by a cardiologist is obtained. History of other clinically significant cardiac disease that, in the opinion of the PI or designee, is a contraindication to study treatment is also excluded
History or presence of clinically relevant central nervous system (CNS) pathology, such as epilepsy, seizure, paresis, aphasia, stroke, severe brain injuries, dementia, Parkinson's disease, cerebellar disease, or psychosis that in the opinion of the PI is a contraindication to study treatment.
Patients with active parenchymal CNS involvement by malignancy will be excluded. Patients with prior or current secondary leptomeningeal CNS disease are eligible. CNS disease prophylaxis must be stopped at least 1 week prior to liso-cel infusion
History of solid organ transplantation
Active, serious, and uncontrolled infection(s)
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