Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Safety and Efficacy of Pentostatin and Low Dose TBI With Allogenic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant
This is a continuation of a pilot study which is now regarded as a phase II trial with a plan to enroll an additional 40 patients (20 related and 20 unrelated donor transplants) with hematological malignancy assessing the safety and efficacy of a minimally myelosuppressive regimen with pentostatin and low-dose total body irradiation (TBI) followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPSCT).
This is a pilot study which began with a plan to enroll 50 patients (20 related and 30 unrelated donor transplants) with hematological malignancy assessing the safety and efficacy of a minimally myelosuppressive regimen with Pentostatin and low-dose total body irradiation (TBI) followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPSCT). Patients with persistent or progressive malignancy after transplantation will be treated with GM-CSF (cytokine therapy) to assess its toxicity and potential therapeutic efficacy. Patients with persistent or progressive disease who fail or do not qualify for the cytokine therapy portion of the study will become candidates for donor leukocyte infusions.
The purpose of this protocol remains a pilot study which is now regarded as a phase II trial with a plan to enroll 40 ADDITIONAL patients (20 related and 20 unrelated donor transplants) with hematological malignancy assessing the safety and efficacy of a modified version of the original preparative regimen of Pentostatin and low-dose total body irradiation (TBI) followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPSCT). Patients who fail will become candidates for donor-leukocyte infusion (DLI).
To determine the safety of treating hematological malignancies by establishing donor hematopoietic chimerism using pentostatin and low-dose total body irradiation followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
To determine the immunomodulatory effects of pentostatin as part of the conditioning regimen for allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
To determine the incidence of infections after using a minimally myelosuppressive conditioning regimen.
To determine the kinetics of hematological and immunological reconstitution after allotransplantation with a minimally myelosuppressive conditioning regimen.
To determine the incidence of chronic GVHD after using allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation with a minimally myelosuppressive preparative regimen.
To evaluate the role of the preparative regimen and donor source (related versus unrelated) on inflammatory cytokine profiles.
To evaluate blood and where possible, biopsy specimens for a recently identified nuclear protein (molecular weight 44/46) in mononuclear cells obtained from study subjects.
Interventions, evaluation, and follow up will include:
Pentostatin 4 mg/m^2/d intravenously once a day x 3 days will be administered with 1000 cc NS hydration before and after pentostatin ten days prior to stem cell infusion (days -10, -9, and -8). Total-body irradiation (TBI): TBI 2.0 Gy will be given on day -1. Antiemetics will be given as needed. Patients will receive one liter normal saline over 2 hours pre TBI. A bone marrow biopsy and aspiration with cytogenetics and flow cytometry will be performed on Day +28, Day +70 and 6, 12, 18 and 24 months following the transplant to monitor hematologic recovery. DNA fingerprinting will also be conducted at the same time at 3, 4, 5, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months to determine chimerism.
Age 19-75 years
Patients who relapse after autologous stem cell transplantation.
Patients who are candidates for an autologous or conventional allogeneic stem cell transplantation from a disease standpoint but who do not qualify functionally (from the point of view of organ function, or performance status) for a myeloablative protocol.
Any patient, where in the opinion of the primary treating oncologist, nonmyleoablative therapy would be the treatment option in the best patients interest providing the patient fits all other eligibility criteria for this protocol.
Identification of a matched related or unrelated stem cell donor
Acute myelogenous leukemia first complete remission with high-risk cytogenetics>second complete remission minimal residual disease (<10% blasts*). Acute lymphocytic leukemia first complete remission with high-risk cytogenetics >second complete remission minimal residual disease (<10% blasts*). Chronic myelogenous leukemia first chronic phase, accelerated phase (<10% blasts*)blast phase with minimal residual disease (<10% blasts*)second chronic phase. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia recurrence after the front line regimen (related donor transplant), chemorefractory disease (unrelated donor transplant),T-CLL in partial remission or any minimal residual disease. Myelodysplastic syndromes refractory anemia with or without ringed sideroblasts,RAEB, RAEB-T, and CMML (< than 10% blasts*). *both in peripheral blood and bone marrow
Multiple myeloma - after receiving at least one regimen of prior chemotherapy
Small Lympho(plasma)cytic Lymphoma (B-SLL, B-LPL): recurrence after a front line regimen (related donor transplant), or chemorefractory disease (related or unrelated donor transplant). Follicular Low-Grade Lymphoma, Marginal Zone Lymphomas (splenic, nodal, or extranodal/MALT type): chemorefractory disease or > 2 prior regimens. Mantle Cell Lymphoma: first complete or partial remission, refractory disease, or failed prior ASCT. Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma, Follicular Large cell Lymphoma, Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma, Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: refractory disease, or failed prior ASCT. Burkitt or Acute Lymphoblastic Lymphomas: high-risk disease in remission, chemosensitive persistent or recurrent disease. Cutaneous T-cell Lymphomas: (Mycosis Fungoides, Sezary Syndrome): chemorefractory disease of > 2 prior regimens
Hodgkins Disease: refractory or persistent disease and not candidate for ASCT, or failed prior ASCT.
Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma
Age > 75 years and < 19 years
progressive disease within 8 weeks of prior therapy or within 12 weeks after prior autologous stem cell transplantation
Active CNS malignancy (patients with known positive CSF cytology or parenchymal lesions visible by CT or MRI)
Fertile men or women unwilling to use appropriate contraceptive techniques during and for 12 months following treatment
Females who are pregnant
Patients who are HIV seropositive
Active uncontrolled infection or immediate life-threatening condition at the time of enrollment
Significant Organ dysfunction:
Calculated Creatinine Clearance <55ml/min
cardiac ejection fraction <40%, NYHA class II or greater cardiac disease.
DLCO < 40% , FEV1/FVC ratio <50% predicted, or receiving supplementary continuous oxygen
total bilirubin > 2x upper limit of normal (unless due to Gilberts disease or malignancy), ALT and AST 4x the upper limit of normal
Karnofsky score <60%
Patients with uncontrolled medical illnesses (e.g., uncontrolled systemic hypertension, diabetes)
Donor Inclusion Criteria:
HLA genotypically matched relative
siblings or first-degree relatives matched at HLA-A, B, or DR loci (6 antigen match) are acceptable donors
HLA matched unrelated volunteer donor
unrelated donor matched at HLA-A, B, or DR loci (6 antigen match) are acceptable donors
One antigen mismatch related or unrelated donor will also be acceptable, molecular typing needs to be used at each H LA-A, B, or DR loci in case of mismatched unrelated donor.
Donor Exclusion Criteria:
Serious Allergy to G-CSF
Current serious systemic illness
Failure to meet the UNMC or NMDP criteria for donors
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There is 1 Location for this study
Omaha Nebraska, 68198, United States
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