Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trial
Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy With Cisplatin During Surgery or Cisplatin Before Surgery for the Treatment of Stage III or IV Ovarian, Fallopian Tube or Peritoneal Cancer
This phase I trial studies the side effects of hyperthermic intraepithelial chemotherapy with cisplatin after surgery or cisplatin before surgery in treating patients with stage III or IV ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer receiving chemotherapy before surgery. Hyperthermic intraepithelial chemotherapy involves the infusion of heated cytotoxic chemotherapy that circulates into the abdominal cavity at the time of surgery. Chemotherapy drugs, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving hyperthermic intraepithelial chemotherapy with cisplatin after surgery or cisplatin before surgery may kill more tumor cells compared to usual care.
I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of intravenous (IV) cisplatin on the day prior to interval cytoreductive surgery (CRS) to administration of hyperthermic intraepithelial chemotherapy (HIPEC) with cisplatin at the completion of CRS versus standard chemotherapy and interval surgery.
I. Feasibility of each of the treatment options. II. Treatment delays. III. Perioperative outcomes. IV. Quality of life/patient reported outcomes. V. Recurrence free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS).
Patients receive carboplatin IV and paclitaxel IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 3-4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 3-4 weeks following the third or fourth neoadjuvant cycle, patients who achieve complete or partial response undergo interval debulking surgery
Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 arms.
ARM I: No chemotherapy immediately before, during or after surgery. Carboplatin/paclitaxel is given 3-4 weeks prior to surgery and again 2-4 weeks after surgery.
ARM II: Patients undergo HIPEC and receive cisplatin IV over 90 minutes at the time of interval debulking surgery
ARM III: Patients receive cisplatin IV the day prior to interval debulking surgery
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 30 days.
Ability to understand (English-speaking), and willingness to sign a written, informed consent
Age > 18 years old
Newly diagnosed stage III or IV epithelial (serous, mucinous, or endometrioid) ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer diagnosed by:
Biopsy/histology (either by interventional radiology or laparoscopy) OR
Cytology; If diagnosis is based on cytology the following criteria must be met:
Immunohistochemistry on the block from cytology to demonstrate Mullerian origin
Presence of pelvic mass AND CA 125 > 200kU/I AND CA125/CEA ratio > 25 at initial diagnosis
Omental cake or other metastases larger than 2 cm in the upper abdomen and/or regional lymph node metastasis irrespective of size (diagnosed by computed tomography [CT]/magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], ultrasound, or laparoscopy)
Patient planned for or currently receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy due to the fact that optimal primary CRS was determined not to be feasible by the primary surgeon
Patient must be planned or scheduled to undergo interval cytoreductive surgery after cycle 3-4 of neoadjuvant surgery
Completion of three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with standard therapy (carboplatin [area under the curve (AUC) 5-6] day [D]1 + paclitaxel [175 mg/m^2] D1 every 3 weeks)
Following 3-4 cycles of NACT partial or complete response
Following 3-4 cycles of NACT at least 50% decrease in CA-125 level between pre-cycle 1 and post-cycle 3/prior to surgery
Fit for major surgery, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA )1 or ASA 2
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance-status score of 0-2
Serum creatinine < 1.4 mg/dL
Creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula)
White blood cell count > 3.5 x 10^9 cells/L
Absolute neutrophil count > 1.5 kg/ul
Platelets > 100,000/ul
Total bilirubin within 1.5 x normal institutional limits
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
For quality of life assessment, baseline questionnaires should be filled in before randomization
History of breast cancer or previous malignancy within 5 years prior to inclusion, with the exception of radically excised basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
History or current diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease
History of allergic reactions to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cisplatin, carboplatin, and paclitaxel
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia
Patients in whom an optimal or complete cytoreduction cannot be performed will be excluded at the time of surgery
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